Science and Mathematics in Ancient Greek Culture
Professor of Biology as Applied to Medicine Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology Lewis Wolpert
Oxford University Press, 2002 - History - 379 pages
Ancient Greece was the birthplace of science, which developed in the Hellenized culture of ancient Rome. This volume locates science within ancient Greek society and culture, investigates its impact upon that society, and identifies it as a cultural phenomenon deserving no less attention thanliterary or artistic creativity.Chapters by seventeen international experts examine the role and achievement of science and mathematics in Greek antiquity through discussion of the linguistic, literary, political, religious, sociological, and technological factors which influenced scientific thought and practice. Greek science wasboth motivated and constrained by wholly 'unscientific' cultural interests, and by ideas and biases arising from the language and the paradigms of the day. For example, it is here argued that the prediction of eclipses was not a concern of ancient astronomers until after 'non-scientific' authorssuch as the historian Livy, elaborating on a good story with a moral, suggested that it should be.Familiar classical authors, such as Homer, Polybius, Cicero, and Pliny are here seen in a new light. Less-studied classical authors, such as Euclid, Hero, Galen, and Ptolemy, are also considered, and attention is drawn to areas where there is potential for new research and where editions andtranslations are still needed.
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Words for Sounds
Ptolemys Maps as an Introduction to Ancient Science
Seismology and Vulcanology in Antiquity?
The Art of the Commander and the Emergence of Predictive
The Uses of
The Dioptra of Hero of Alexandria
Hero of Alexandrias Belopoeica
Aristotle and Mathematics
Euclids Elements 9 14 and the Fundamental Theorem
Knowledge of Materials in Classical
Notes on Contributors
Alexandria Ancient Greek ancient medicine angles antiquity Archimedes Archytas argument Arist Aristotelian Aristotle Aristotle's astrology astronomy Athenian Athens atomism Babylonian battle of Pydna Berlin Bowen calendar Cambridge cent century rc Cicero Classical context cupellation Democritus Diodorus dioptra discussion distilling earth earthquakes ed.l eds.l Egypt Egyptian Epicurean Epicurus equinoxes eruptions Euclid Euctemon Eudoxus evidence example experience explain G. E. R. Lloyd Galen Gallus geometry Greek mathematics Greek Science Hellenistic Hero Hero's Herophilus Hipparchus History idea instruments Kiihn knowledge later Latin latitude Laurium Leiden Leipzig Livy Livy's London lunar eclipse mathematicians measure method modern moon nature observations Oxford parapegma phenomena Philosophy physical Plato Pliny Polybius Posidonius practical prediction problem Ptolemy Ptolemy's Pydna Pythagorean reference riov Roman scientific scientists silver solstice stars sundial tetraktys Thales Theophrastus theoretical theory tradition translation treatises volcanoes writing zodiacal