Science and Mathematics in Ancient Greek Culture

Front Cover
Ancient Greece was the birthplace of science, which developed in the Hellenized culture of ancient Rome. This volume locates science within ancient Greek society and culture, investigates its impact upon that society, and identifies it as a cultural phenomenon deserving no less attention thanliterary or artistic creativity.Chapters by seventeen international experts examine the role and achievement of science and mathematics in Greek antiquity through discussion of the linguistic, literary, political, religious, sociological, and technological factors which influenced scientific thought and practice. Greek science wasboth motivated and constrained by wholly 'unscientific' cultural interests, and by ideas and biases arising from the language and the paradigms of the day. For example, it is here argued that the prediction of eclipses was not a concern of ancient astronomers until after 'non-scientific' authorssuch as the historian Livy, elaborating on a good story with a moral, suggested that it should be.Familiar classical authors, such as Homer, Polybius, Cicero, and Pliny are here seen in a new light. Less-studied classical authors, such as Euclid, Hero, Galen, and Ptolemy, are also considered, and attention is drawn to areas where there is potential for new research and where editions andtranslations are still needed.
 

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Contents

Words for Sounds
22
Ptolemys Maps as an Introduction to Ancient Science
36
Seismology and Vulcanology in Antiquity?
56
The Art of the Commander and the Emergence of Predictive
76
Euctemons Parapegma
112
The Uses of
138
The Dioptra of Hero of Alexandria
150
Hero of Alexandrias Belopoeica
165
Aristotle and Mathematics
217
Euclids Elements 9 14 and the Fundamental Theorem
230
Asclepius Transformed
242
Anatomical Experiment
256
Knowledge of Materials in Classical
274
The Aims
306
Notes on Contributors
323
Index Loco rum
350

The Limitations of Ancient Atomism 178
176
A Group Picture
196

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About the author (2002)


C. J. Tuplin is Reader in Ancient History at the University of Liverpool T. E. Rihll is Lecturer in the Department of Classics and Ancient History at the University of Wales, Swansea

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