Science and Politics of Foreign Aid: Swedish Environmental Support to the Baltic States

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Springer Science & Business Media, Mar 31, 2003 - Business & Economics - 221 pages
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Contemporary international aid consists of a wide range of various support programs, where the end-result in many cases not only reflects the needs of the recipient country, but also the interests of the donor country. In Science and Politics of Foreign Aid - Swedish Environmental Support to the Baltic States it is shown that this particular support has been directed primarily towards areas of joint concern, such as air pollution and effluents to the Baltic Sea. Environmental problems with primarily local effects have, to a large extent, been neglected in the Swedish support program. The requirement on the Baltic recipient countries to finance a specific fraction of each joint program with local resources has furthermore drained the local national environmental budgets from resources, making it very difficult for these countries to mitigate various local environmental hazards by themselves.

In contrast to many previous foreign aid studies where various donor country biases often are suggested but not empirically validated, this book gives an in-depth view of how a particular support program is influenced by specific and self-interested considerations.

 

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Contents

CHAPTER 1
1
THE AIM OF THE STUDY
3
THE ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
5
CURRENT RESEARCH
7
THEORETICAL DEPARTURE
14
CHAPTER 2
23
PERCEPTION OF COLLECTIVE GOOD CONTENT
24
THE COST OF ENVIRONMENTAL INVESTMENTS
26
GETTING IN LINE
73
CONCLUSION
81
CHAPTER 4
85
POLITICAL CHANGES IN THE BALTIC STATES
88
THE FIRST THREEYEAR ASSISTANCE PROGRAM
89
THE POLICY OF THE NEW NONSOCIALIST GOVERNMENT
94
THE EUROPEAN IMPERATIVE
97
THE SWEDISH CLIMATE STRATEGY
98

COLLECTIVE ACTION ON COLLECTIVE GOODS
27
POTENTIAL GAINS FROM BILATERAL SUPPORT
29
A NONFORMAL BILATERAL GAME ON ENVIRONMENTAL ASSISTANCE
32
CHAPTER 3
45
DICHOTOMIZATION OF SWEDISH FOREIGN AID
46
THE PRACTICE OF TYING AID
47
EARLY SWEDISH FOREIGN AID
49
SWEDISH ENVIRONMENTAL COOPERATION IN THE 1970s
59
TO WHOM AND IN WHAT WAY?
64
ENVIRONMENTAL COOPERATION IN THE 1980s
67
SAP APPROVAL OF THE GOVERNMENT STRATEGY
99
THE REVISED ASSISTANCE PROGRAM
101
REFORMULATION OF THE CEEASSISTANCE GOALS
102
THE NEW SAP GOVERNMENT INTENSIFIES THE ASSISTANCE
104
ADMINISTRATIVE REORGANIZATION
105
CHAPTER 5
112
CHAPTER 6
159
CHAPTER 7
176
REFERENCES
209
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