Science and Technology in the Middle Ages
This title is meant for ages 7-14. The Middle Ages was a period of great scientific and technological advancement. Trade increased as towns began to grow, and medieval people found more efficient ways of doing work by inventing new machines. The inventions of the heavy plow, horseshoes, and harnesses resulted in more food to eat, and more crops for trading. Easy-to-understand text and brilliant full-colour illustrations will help children follow the advancements in medicine, military weapons, and astrology up until 1500. The topics include: the power provided by watermills and windmills for laundering clothes, casting iron, and pressing olive oil; how the development of textiles such as silks, wool, and leather affected trade with China and the Middle East in the 1200s; how African craftworkers worked with metal, and the bronze and gold sculptures and jewellery that they made; medieval peoples belief in the four humours, and the surgical procedures and herbal remedies used; and astrological inventions such as China's water clock.
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Albertus Magnus ammunition Apothecaries armor arrows Astrolabes Astronomical Clock axles and gears blacksmith blast furnace blood Building called a spindle castle walls chemical called China chisels clocks were built combed crossbow Doctors early Middle Ages elixir enemy's castle European alchemists fibers fire flat flax gold guilds gunpowder hammers hand harnesses heavy loads heavy plow herbs hide was soaked Horizontal loom horses horseshoes hours and quarter humor iron knights leather lifted long side Longbows machines mappa mundi master builder Mechanical Clocks medieval clocks medieval craftspeople medieval Europe medieval invention Middle East mixture movable type parchment peasants grew plow-irons pounded cloth pulled Roger Bacon Roman rope scribe shuttle siege engines smooth soldiers stars steel stone sure the walls surgeons tanner Tannin thread Three-Field Rotation treadwheel Trebuchets Trepanning turned vellum wagons warp waterwheels wattle weapons weaver weft weight wheel wood wooden frames wool or linen woven