Scientia in Early Modern Philosophy: Seventeenth-Century Thinkers on Demonstrative Knowledge from First Principles

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Tom Sorell, G.A. Rogers, Jill Kraye
Springer Science & Business Media, Oct 28, 2009 - Philosophy - 139 pages

Scientia is the term that early modern philosophers applied to a certain kind of demonstrative knowledge, the kind whose starting points were appropriate first principles. In pre-modern philosophy, too, scientia was the name for demonstrative knowledge from first principles. But pre-modern and early modern conceptions differ systematically from one another. This book offers a variety of glimpses of this difference by exploring the works of individual philosophers as well as philosophical movements and groupings of the period. Some of the figures are transitional, falling neatly on neither side of the allegiances usually marked by the scholastic/modern distinction. Among the philosophers whose views on scientia are surveyed are Hobbes, Descartes, Spinoza, Gassendi, Locke, and Jungius. The contributors are among the best-known and most influential historians of early modern philosophy.

 

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Contents

Shifting Sands in the Disciplinary Geography of the Seventeenth Century
1
The Unity of Natural Philosophy and the End of Scientia
18
Matter Mortality and the Changing Ideal of Science
35
Scientia and Inductio Scientifica in the Logica Hamburgensis of Joachim Jungius
52
Scientia and the Sciences in Descartes
71
Scientia and Selfknowledge in Descartes
83
Spinozas Theory of Scientia Intuitiva
99
Scientia in Hobbes
116
John Locke and the Limits of Scientia
129
Index
137
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