Scientific Investigation of Copies, Fakes and Forgeries
Taylor & Francis, Feb 4, 2009 - Antiques & Collectibles - 640 pages
The faking and forgery of works of art and antiquities is probably now more extensive than ever before. The frauds are aided by new technologies, from ink jet printers to epoxy resins, and driven by the astronomic prices realised on the global market.
This book aims to provide a comprehensive survey of the subject over a wide range of materials, emphasising how the fakes and forgeries are produced and how they may be detected by technical and scientific examination. The subject is exemplified by numerous case studies, some turning out not to be as conclusive as is sometimes believed.
The book is aimed at those likely to have a serious interest in these investigations, be they curator, collector, conservator or scientist.
Paul Craddock has recently retired from the Department of Conservation, Documentation and Science at the British Museum, where he was a materials scientist.
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13 Paper prints and documents
14 The patination of copper and its alloys
15 Gold and silver
16 Gemstones and jade
Mainly synthetic and cloth
19 Scientific fraud and Charles Dawson
The problems of restoration
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acid amber analysis anatase ancient antiquity appearance areas artefacts authenticity studies British Museum bronze Buyid cadmium calcite carbon carved cast ceramics Chapter chemical classical antiquity clay coins color composition copies copper copper alloys corrosion Courtesy cracks Craddock cuprite Dawson dendrochronology detected drill early electroform electron electroplating enamels evidence examination example excavated exemplified fake fibres Figure fluorescence forgeries gemstones genuine glass glaze Glozel gold heat imitation iron iron gall ink isotope ivory known layer lead manganese marble material Medieval metal method microscope minerals modern mould natural nineteenth century ofthe original oxide painting paper patina pieces pigments Piltdown plastics plate polished Post-Medieval present problem produced radiography RC dating removed resins restoration revealed Roman sample scientific showed silver simulants solder Sources stone suggested surface synthetic techniques tion trace element treatments twentieth century usually Vinland Map wire X-ray zinc