Scientific Knowledge: Basic Issues in the Philosophy of Science
Containing 31 readings reflecting the dynamism of the field, this book provides readers with the most current and relevant readings available on issues in the philosophy of science. All of the readings have been selected based on their clarity and coverage of the prevailing debates in the philosophy of science--from logical positivism to anit-realism. The book assumes no specialized training in formal logic or scientific methods and therefore can be appreciated by a wide range of readers.
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A MAJOR GOAL OF SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE
Concerning Scientific Explanation
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acceptance analysis anti-realism argument astronomers atomic behavior believe called causal ceteris paribus chemical chemical elements claim concept Copernican Copernicus's criteria criticism discussion dogmatic domain electricity electrons elementary particles ence entities equipossible evidence example experiment experimental explanandum explanatory fact false falsificationism falsificationist falsified fundamental hypothesis inductive inference interpretation kind knowledge Kuhn Kuhn's logical means ment method methodological micro-reduced motion nature Newton's Newtonian objects observable paradigm particles Paul Oppenheim phenomena Philosophy of Science phlogiston phlogiston theory physical physicist planets Popper prediction principle probability problem psychological Ptolemy quantum quantum mechanics question rational realism reason reduction refutation relation relevant research programmes result revolution rules scientific explanation scientific realism Scientific Revolutions scientific theories scientists sense sort specific spectral classification statement statistical structure theoretical things tific tion true truth Unity of Science University values