Scientific Papers: Physiology, Medicine, Surgery, Geology

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Cosimo, Inc., Jan 1, 2010 - Literary Collections - 446 pages
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Translator names not noted above: Stephen Paget, Robert Willis, F. Faulkner, D.C. Robb, and H.C. Ernst. Originally published between 1909 and 1917 under the name "Harvard Classics," this stupendous 51-volume set-a collection of the greatest writings from literature, philosophy, history, and mythology-was assembled by American academic CHARLES WILLIAM ELIOT (1834-1926), Harvard University's longest-serving president. Also known as "Dr. Eliot's Five Foot Shelf," it represented Eliot's belief that a basic liberal education could be gleaned by reading from an anthology of works that could fit on five feet of bookshelf. Volume XXXVIII includes important foundational works of science and medicine: [ "The Oath" of Hippocrates, dating from the 4th century BC [ "Journeys in Diverse Places," by Ambroise Par, the 16th-century army doctor who pioneered battlefield medicine [ "On the Motion of the Heart and Blood in Animals," by William Harvey, the 1628 paper that examined the operation of the biological circulatory system [ "The Three Original Publications on Vaccination Against Smallpox," by Edward Jenner, who established the field of immunology [ "The Contagiousness of Puerperal Fever," the 1843 article by physician Oliver Wendell Holmes Sr. that proposed the germ theory of disease [ "On the Antiseptic Principle of the Practice of Surgery," by Joseph Lister, an 1867 essay that promoted sterile surgical practices [ "Scientific Papers," by Louis Pasteur, the 19th-century French chemist [ "Scientific Papers," by Charles Lyell, the 19th-century British geologist
 

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Contents

The Oath of Hippocrates
3
Journeys in Diverse Places Ambhoise Par
9
On the Motion of the Heart and Blood in Animals
63
The Three Original Publications On Vaccination
149
The Contagiousness of Puerperal Fever
235
On the Antiseptic Principle of the Practice of Surgery
271
The Physiological Theory of Fermentation
289
The Germ Thfoby and its Applications to Medicine
383
On the Extension of the Germ Theory tt the Etiology
391
Prejudices which have Retarded the Progress
403
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About the author (2010)

Born in Folkestone, Kent, England, Harvey was a British physiologist whose discovery of the circulation of the blood drastically changed medicine. In fact, Harvey is generally regarded as the founder of modern physiology. The publication of his Exercitatio Anatomica de Motu Cordis et Sanguinis in Animalibus (1628) was a landmark event, widely considered the most important medical book ever published. His observations of the heart's functions and blood flow were based on anatomical studies on cadavers, animals, and himself. The son of a wealthy businessman, Harvey was a student at Cambridge University, where he studied medicine. He completed his medical training at the leading European medical school of the period, Padua, where he was a student of the famous anatomist Girolamo Fabricius. When he completed his doctorate in medicine in 1602 he returned to London and was appointed physician to St. Bartholomew's Hospital. His reputation grew, and he was elected to the Royal College of Physicians, with which he was associated for the rest of his career. Ten years prior to the publication of his great work, he was appointed as a physician to James I. After the Scottish civil war and the demise of James I, Harvey returned to London and resumed his medical practice. He continued to observe animal life wherever he traveled and wrote two additional works on animal locomotion and comparative and pathological anatomy. However, it was the publication of his book on the circulation of the blood that assured him "a place of first importance in the history of science and medicine. By this discovery he revolutionized physiological thought" (Dictionary of Scientific Biography). His work also encouraged others to study anatomy. Harvey's personal library, which he donated to the London College of Physicians, was unfortunately destroyed in the Great Fire of 1666.

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