Scientific and technical basis for the geological disposal of radioactive wastes
International Atomic Energy Agency, 2003 - Technology & Engineering - 80 pages
This report focuses on the different functions of a repository within its life cycle and describes the processes relevant to the containment of long lived radioactive waste and other criteria influencing the long term integrity of the repository. It emphasizes the central role of safety and the importance of safety/performance assessments in the decision making process during repository development.
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advective ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY backfill behaviour bentonite biosphere buffer cement characterization chemical chemistry clay closure considered containment corrosion deep geological Deep Geological Repositories depth diffusion disposal concept Disposal of Radioactive E-mail effects emplacement engineered barriers evaluation excavation field fracture zones geological disposal geological disposal system geological environment geological repository geosphere groundwater flow groundwater system hard rocks host rock hydraulic conductivity IAEA INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY isolation LILW lived radioactive wastes long lived radioactive materials metres migration minerals mobile multibarrier Natural analogues NIREX NUCLEAR ENERGY AGENCY OECD NUCLEAR ENERGY oxidizing Paris pathways Performance Assessment periods pore water potential Proc processes programmes properties Radioactive Waste Disposal radionuclide transport radionuclides release repository design repository development SA/PA safety assessment salt domes scenarios sorbed sorption specific spent fuel stable surface SWEDISH NUCLEAR FUEL uncertainty underground research laboratories uranium uranium dioxide Vienna waste form WASTE MANAGEMENT COMPANY waste packages Yucca Mountain