Scribal Habits in Early Greek New Testament Papyri

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BRILL, 2008 - Religion - 1 pages
In textual criticism, the 'scribal habits' in a manuscript (tendencies to make various sorts of changes) must be known in order to evaluate its testimony. Colwell analyzed the scribal habits in P45, P66, and P75, by examining their singular readings. This book expands on Colwell's work by studying P45, P46, P47, P66, P72, and P75, the six most extensive early New Testament manuscripts. All the singular readings in these papyri are studied along with all the corrections. The results, which incorporate many revised readings of these papyri, make possible the more precise use of these papyri in textual criticism. Among the important discoveries is that the general tendency of these early scribes was to omit rather than to add.
 

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The book is a veritable tome of knowledge concerning the scribal habits evident in the six most extensive and important papyri. Royse's book is meticulously researched, and it shows in his detailed explanations coupled with his excellent judgment. It is indispensable for any serious work in textual criticism. The most frustrating aspect of the book, in my opinion, is the organization of the index: one must look in several different sections to find all the citations to a given verse. 

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An important work which, among other things, challenges and overturns the long-established text-critical canon that the shorter variant is to be preferred to its longer rivals.

Contents

Chapter One The Study of Scribal Habits
1
Chapter Two Singular Readings
39
Chapter Three Methodology
65
Chapter Four The Scribe of P45
103
Chapter Five The Scribe of P46
199
Chapter Six The Scribe of P47
359
Chapter Seven The Scribe of P66
399
Chapter Eight The Scribe of P72
545
Appendix D Summary of Results
897
Bibliography
907
Index of New Testament Manuscripts
949
Index of Citations from Ancient Authors
953
Index of Ancient Authors
955
Index of Modern Authors
957
Index of Subjects
983
Readings of P45
989

Chapter Nine The Scribe of P75
615
Chapter Ten The Shorter Reading?
705
Chapter Eleven Concluding Remarks
737
Supplementary Notes
743
Appendix A The Singular Readings of the Papyri
775
Appendix B The Corrections of the Papyri
849
Appendix C Orthographic Phenomena
885
Readings of P46
995
Readings of P47
1009
Readings of P66
1013
Readings of P72
1025
Readings of P75
1031
Biblical Citations
1039
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About the author (2008)

James R. Royse, Ph.D (1969) in Philosophy, University of Chicago, Th.D. (1981) in Biblical Studies, Graduate Theological Union. He has published on early New Testament manuscripts and on the text of Philo, including The Spurious Texts of Philo of Alexandria (Brill, 1991).