Second Language Needs Analysis

Front Cover
Cambridge University Press, Nov 3, 2005 - Foreign Language Study - 374 pages
No language teaching program should be designed without a thorough analysis of the students' needs. The studies in this volume explore Needs Analysis in the public, vocational and academic sectors, in contexts ranging from service encounters in coffee shops to foreign language needs assessment in the U.S. military. In each chapter, the authors explicitly discuss the methodoldogy they employed, and in some cases also offer research findings on that methodology. Several studies are task-based, making the collection of special interest to those involved in task-based language teaching. Contributions include work on English and other languages in both second and foreign language settings, as well as a comprehensive overview of methodological issues in Needs Analysis by the editor.
 

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Contents

they go about their work Nor do they pretend to
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1 Methodological issues in learner
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ie those in which using some nonlinguistic unit of analysis
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syllabus eg in its rejection unlike almost all socalled task
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Source
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situations or for use with different kinds of informants They
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eg through daily logs kept by members of the target
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the sampling frame prove problematic eg because faculty lists for
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Objective unmet need for German language competence
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selfcondence 46 lacking authority 46 unpreciseness 49
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6
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Long this volume p 23 also suggests that taskbased NAs
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articles but unlike their colleagues in the other media their
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requesting permission requesting clarication thanking
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7 Feet speak louder than the
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paper therefore we will focus principally on the survey of
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second the FL prociency levels perceived as desirable for staff
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the atmosphere in three sections where she worked More recently
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1 352367010 AIRPLANEFLIGHT ATTENDANT air trans
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FA n4
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competency tests with much of this part of a FAs
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And they just kind of stand there and
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Somewhat unexpectedly FAs were far more reliable and informative
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instance The introspections often contained proportionately more
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Any other big sort of big areas like that?
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Surreptitious audiorecordings
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course design based on its results all three positions are
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by the author and a research assistant to achieve satisfactory
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2 Language needs analysis at the
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include strategic considerations as the basis of a costbenet analysis
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While the numbers above give a fairly concrete if only
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Need
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of a common language contributed to the inability of the
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intelligencerelated disciplines and specialties However the
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25
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State of Maryland ofces that provide
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respect to the operations of the government of the State
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26 65 FR 50121 August 16 2000 The text of
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3
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new and changing languagerelated requirements As will soon
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days it is important that all participants be available for
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this process occurred simultaneously with the LNA itself In
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The value of this approach is that the LNA report
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personnel overlap among the military participants and very little
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4
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to conduct a NA using multiple sources returning domestic aides
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department or from housekeepers who were requesting something or
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A point of concern regarding the questionnaires was the number
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Notes
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5 Foreign language need of business
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subjective need
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Job advertisements
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students of Intercultural Business Communication They used the
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Acknowledgments
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8
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rounding their accomplishment were collected by native speakers of
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abilities they could identify as necessary when in Korea or
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reasons as having at least some importance for them These
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earlier were more prevalent and only these were analyzed further
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ndings will now be discussed followed by an illustration of
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and task complexity variable analysis as has been described for
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clothes shopping that would manifest themselves in such
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Y Kim et al 2001 and by examining the pilot
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Additional Questionnaire Responses
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The
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scheduled within the next six months to three years depending
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the applicant is required to communicate extensively in English
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from the ofcer and the researcher generally sat next to
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Causes of failure
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Requirement
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place of more explicit type of consciousnessraising tasks in
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curriculum in an ESLUS Citizenship Preparation course Further
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They usually do pass if they can
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Chinese Community Action Coalition Adult Education Division
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10 A double shot 2 mocha latte
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Grant Starks 2001 who used Schegloff and Sacks 1973
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was trained to do all aspects of the job eg
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For the purpose of the current analysis no negrained
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As seen above interactions are lengthened when complications
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part of the server Polite question forms are not used
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intertextuality The drinks are referred to as a chocolate one
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The customer is a regular as evidenced by the servers
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woman The remaining three times could was used if the
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of social talk which present a challenge to both groups
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variety of ethnic backgrounds including Samoan Chinese Maori
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Small talk serves a range of functions in the workplace
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What is considered a bland and safe topic is of
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How can small talk be used to oil the
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question to that response They are taught to add questions
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good start at work Making a good beginning is important
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Page 349 - Authenticity and learning potential in L2 classroom discourse. In GM Jacobs (Ed.), Language classrooms of tomorrow. Issues and responses (pp. 148-169). Singapore: SEAMEO Regional Language Centre. Long, MH, & Ross, S.

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