Securing America's Industrial Strength
National Academies Press, May 27, 1999 - Business & Economics - 65 pages
This volume presents the conclusions of the National Research Council s Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy from industry studies published under the title, U.S. Industry in 2000: Studies in Competitive Performance, and other work on U.S. industrial performance. It reviews patterns of corporate strategy and industry restructuring and considers the role of the national monetary and fiscal policies as well as trade, regulatory, and intellectual property policies. The report presents new statistical evidence of trends in public and private R&D expenditures and outlines a policy agenda for the next decade.
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FROM PERVASIVE DECLINE IN THE 1980S TO RESURGENCE IN THE 1990S
THE STEP BOARDS ANALYSIS
SOURCES OF STRONGER PERFORMANCE
CONCERNS FOR THE FUTURE
Impacts on Research Fields and Graduate Training
Evidence from National Data Sources
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1997 Amount Percent aeronautical agency’s Amount Percent USDA basic research biological sciences changes chemical engineering chemical industry Commerce companies competition computer science constant 1998 dollars Constant dollar conversions declined deflators in OMB DHHS electrical engineering engineering research federal funding Federal Obligations federal support FIGURE food retailing GDP deflators graduate students growth improved increase industry’s information technologies institutions intellectual property investment logistics macroeconomic materials engineering mechanical engineering millions of constant minimill NASA National Science Foundation NSF support NSF’s Obligations for University oceanography overall patents Percent USDA 0.0 pharmaceuticals powder metallurgy processes public policies R&D expenditures R&D spending real terms reduced research and innovation research fields research is reported Science Foundation 1998b sectors semiconductor six agencies STEP Board suppliers support for university survey Table tion TOTAL trade secrecy trends in federal U.S. firms U.S. industrial university research