Security Flashpoints: Oil, Islands, Sea Access and Military Confrontation ; [twenty-first Annual Seminar Held at the UN Plaza Hotel in New York City from February 7 - 8, 1997]

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Myron H. Nordquist, John Norton Moore, University of Virginia. Center for Oceans Law and Policy
Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Sep 30, 1998 - Law - 480 pages
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"Security Flashpoints: Oil, Islands, Sea Access and Military" "Confrontation" covers a range of controversial issues rife with potential for provoking military confrontation in the world's salt water areas. Understanding the factual setting for flashpoints in the oceans requires an appreciation of the geographic circumstances of the disputants. This work starts with a global overview of island disputes provided by two leading geographers. They examine the pivotal relationship between sovereignty claims to islands and delimitation of ocean boundaries throughout the world. The most serious and complicated series of island disputes exists in the South China Sea where multiple national claims are asserted to sovereignty over the Spratly and Paracel Islands. This work gives not only an update on the status of the informal negotiations over the past several years but also the most complete insider's account so far made available in print of the unresolved issues. A suggestion is made for a constructive step toward a peaceful solution by outlining a Spratly Resource Development Agency. Another area that is brought to the attention is Southeastern Europe: the Danube River, the Adriatic Sea, the Caspian and Black Seas with particular emphasis on navigation through the Dardanelles; a definitive analysis is given of the critical freedom of navigation issues in the Strait of Hormuz as well as a comprehensive commentary on the outstanding boundary delimitation controversies in the Persian Gulf. The island and delimitation disputes in East Asian seas are also extensively discussed. The book finishes with a concept of adding political power to the legal doctrine of critical date' in settling maritimeboundary disputes. This work is of particular importance to lawyers involved in the seminal role that the Rule of Law plays for the peaceful resolution of ocean disputes. The work is based on a conference jointly sponsored by the Council on Foreign Relations, the Center for Oceans Law and Policy and the Center for National Security Law, University of Virginia School of Law.
 

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Contents

Ruth Wedgwood
7
Questions and Answers following the Address
27
The Archipelagic Regime and Sea Lanes Designation
45
Myron H Nordquist
53
Remarks of Scott Snyder Moderator
107
A Malaysian Perspective
135
Toward a Spratly Resource Development
219
A Philippine Perspective
243
Freedom of Navigation in the Persian Gulf
315
Charles A Allen
339
Comments
359
Finalising the Territorial Framework
379
Island Disputes in East Asia
407
Comments on Island Disputes in East Asia
419
A Landlocked State Perspective
431
Remarks of Representative from the Permanent Missions
437

Brcko and Bosnian Sea Access
255
Croatia and Its Neighbors
269
Black Sea Caspian Sea and Dardanelles
281
Will There
291
Add Political Power to the Legal Doctrine
449
Likely US Senate Considerations about Security Flashpoints
457
The Rule of Law in the Oceans
467
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