Seeds for African Peasants: Peasants' Needs and Agricultural Research--the Case of Zimbabwe

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Nordic Africa Institute, 1995 - Agricultural innovations - 228 pages
 

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Contents

Acknowledgements
9
Chapter 1
16
Categories of seed users
18
Chapter 2
25
Forms of ownership and organization of organized seed production
34
Characteristics of informal smallfarmer seed diffusion mechanisms
36
Chapter 3
37
Limitations of scientific plant breeding under lowexternalinput agriculture
39
Composition of livestock by income groups
110
Use of manure in Silobela communal area 198889
112
Methods of tillage on maize fields by income groups
113
Methods and number of weedings in Silobela communal area 198889 by income groups
114
Cattle donkeys and draught power equivalents DPE by income groups
115
Donkeys instead of oxen as draught power a sign of progressive degradation
116
Cropping pattern by income groups
117
Yields by income groups
118

References 212
40
Complementary objectives of indigenous and scientific plant breeding
53
Chapter 4
55
Land distribution by sector and natural region
59
Rate of resettlement since independence
61
Disaggregated data on maize sales to Grain Marketing Board in communal areas 198085
64
People registered to be in need of food
66
Chapter 5
67
Settlement history
70
Availability of water for domestic and livestock use
71
Annual rainfall in natural region IV 198086
72
Local vernacular knowledge of soils
75
Comparison of season parameters in natural regions III IV and V
77
Chapter 6
79
Crop sales from Silobela communal area to GMB 198189
80
Household income by income groups
82
Household expenditure by income groups
84
Household ownership of implements by income groups
85
Enduse of household crop production by income groups
86
Household composition by social groups
87
Division of labour in a de facto femaleheaded household
89
Livelihood strategy for poor newly established households
91
Farming system analysis
93
Vernacular names for land use categories
100
Land allocation to a new household
101
Privatization of postharvest grazing in the infield
106
Mkauzani increases livestock mortality
109
Peasants estimates of average maize yields for Silobela communal area
119
Planting sequence during the 198889 season
120
Cultural context of indigenous plant breeding
121
Timing of planting by income groups
122
Local methods of fighting Striga weed
123
Chapter 8
129
Improved and indigenous crop varieties used in Silobela communal area
131
Sources of seed access in Silobela communal area
133
Indigenous plant breeding
139
Examples of indigenous plant breeding in Sudan and Ethiopia
141
Chapter 9
157
Zimbabwe breeding programmes
162
Chapter 10
166
Maize yields 197088
167
Comparison between competing maize varieties in Zimbabwe
169
Soyabean responses to liming and seed inoculation
175
Chapter 11
186
Breeding methods
190
Key features of onfarm research programmes 1987
191
Chapter 12
193
Enhancing farmersability to exercise greater choice
196
An examplefarming systems research at IITA Nigeria
197
Chapter 13
199
Comparison of scientific and indigenous plant breeding
203
Zimbabwes natural regions 57
207
Location of agricultural research stations in Zimbabwe 161
209
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