## Selected papers on frequency modulation |

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### Contents

A Method of Reducing Disturbances in Radio Signaling by a System | 3 |

Frequency Modulation Noise Characteristics by M G Crosby | 55 |

Variation of Bandwidth with Modulation Index in Frequency Modu | 98 |

Copyright | |

15 other sections not shown

### Common terms and phrases

amplifier amplitude modulation amplitude modulation receiver analysis Appendix applied approximation assumed asymptotic average band bandwidth baseband binary carrier-noise ratio carrier-to-noise ratio characteristic circuit closed-loop noise bandwidth components computed constant crest factor curves demodulator derived deviation ratio distortion effect envelope equal expected number expression feedback demodulator first-order loop fluctuation noise formulas Fourier frequency detector frequency deviation frequency modulation receiver Gaussian noise given harmonics improvement threshold impulse noise increases input instantaneous frequency integral interference intermediate-frequency channel kilocycles limit linear low-pass filter maximum method modulation index noise power noise voltage obtained oscillator Paperbound parameters peak voltage phase angle phase-locked loop power spectrum probability density probability of error problem Proc quasi-stationary quency random rectified reduced root-mean-square Section shown in Fig side frequencies signal signal-noise ratio signal-to-noise ratio sinusoidal spectral density theory threshold impulses tion transfer function transmitter variable width zero