Separate Social Worlds of Siblings: The Impact of Nonshared Environment on Development

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Eileen Mavis Hetherington, David Reiss, Robert Plomin
Psychology Press, 1994 - Psychology - 232 pages
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One of the most notable findings in contemporary behavior genetics is that children growing up in the same family are not very comparable. Findings suggest that in order to understand individual differences between siblings it is necessary to examine not only the shared experiences but also the differences in experiences of children growing up in the same family. In the past decade a group of investigators has begun to examine the contributions of genetics, and both shared and nonshared environment to development. As with many new research endeavors, this has proven to be a difficult task with much controversy and disagreement not only about the most appropriate models and methods of analysis to be used, but also about the interpretation of findings.

Written by some of the foremost scholars working in the area on nonshared environment, the papers in this book present their perspectives, concerns, strategies and research findings dealing with the impact of nonshared environment on individual differences in the development of siblings. This volume will have heuristic value in stimulating researchers to think in new ways about the interactions between heredity, shared and nonshared environment and the challenges in identifying their contributions to sibling differences. These papers should raise new questions about how to examine the contributions of genetic and environmental factors to development, with consideration given to the findings of this study of sibling differences and nonshared environment. Further, these papers may encourage a growing trend to integrate genetic and environmental perspectives in studies of development.
 

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Contents

Estimating Nonshared Environment Using Sibling
33
Sibling Relationships and Their Association With
129
A Comparison of AcrossFamily and WithinFamily
143
Peers and Friends as Nonshared Environmental
159
Sibling Similarity as an Individual Differences
205
Author Index
219
Subject Index
229
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About the author (1994)

Is a professor emeritus, department of Psychology, University of Virginia.

David Reiss MA MPhil DFP FRCPsych is consultant forensic psychiatrist and Deputy Medical Director (Medical Education) at West London Mental Health NHS Trust, and an honorary clinical senior lecturer at Imperial College London. His research interests examine the interface between clinical forensic psychiatry and public policy, including work on personality disorder, recidivism, homicide inquiries, and educational issues. His clinical and educational work focuses on enabling the multidisciplinary team to gain an enhanced understanding of patients, thereby improving care and reducing risk.

Robert Plomin is Professor of Psychology at the Institute of Psychiatry in London.

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