Sergas de Esplandián

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Con esta novela, escrita en la primavera de 1898, comienza Galdós su tercera serie de Episodios nacionales. Es como una introducción al conjunto que puede leerse de forma independiente, porque, a diferencia de lo que ocurre en los nueve restantes, los personajes de este episodio, salvo una pequeña excepción, no reaparecen en los siguientes de la serie.En su novela, Galdós elige como protagonista a Tomás Zumalacárregui, el más importante general de las fuerzas carlistas. Este guipuzcoano, glorificado por sus seguidores y demonizado por los isabelinos, es retratado por el liberal Galdós entre luces y sombras, pero con una ecuanimidad reconocida incluso por los historiadores carlistas más vehementes.

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About the author (2003)

Perez Galdos was Spain's outstanding nineteenth-century novelist. At a time when most Spanish novelists were limited by their regional backgrounds, Galdos possessed the intellect and vision to embrace the Spanish people as a nation. In 1873 he began the Episodios nacionales (National Episodes), a 46--volume series of historical novels in which he was concerned less with details and facts of history than with their impact on the lives of ordinary people. His works are sometimes divided into two periods: novels of the first period and contemporary Spanish novels. His early novels, Dona Perfecta (1876), Gloria (1877), Marianela (1878), and The Family of Leon Roch (1879), may be characterized as realistic with touches of romanticism. The novels are united by common characters and themes in the manner of Balzac's Human Comedy. Dona Perfecta is a denunciation of intolerance. Marianela explores the irony and tragedy of the destruction of love by scientific progress. Fortunata and Jacinta (1886-87), a four-volume masterpiece of the second period, contrasts two women - Jacinta, wife of the wealthy middle-class Juanito Santa Cruz, and Fortunata, his mistress. Both are admirable characters, but it is Fortunata who bears a son, demonstrating the vitality of the lower classes. The character of Maxi reveals Galdos's interest in mental illness and his naturalistic strain. Born and educated in the Canary Islands, Perez Galdos studied law briefly and spent most of his adult life in Madrid. His study of lower-class Spanish life and his attempts to improve it led him to the advocacy of more equal distribution of wealth and outspoken opposition to the Catholic church. While always popular with the people, he fared less well in literary circles. In 1889 he sought admission to the Royal Academy, an honor he was refused until 1897, and the Nobel Prize went to a contemporary, Jose Echegaray, a writer of considerably less talent. Galdos died poor and blind. Although the government refused him a state funeral, the entire Spanish nation mourned him. English translations of his novels now out of print are The Disinherited Lady (1881), Miau (1888), Compassion (1897), and Tristana.

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