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Memoirs and travel p 15 Social and economic history p
Groups and languages p 21 Population p 24 Sovereigns
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accepted activity alliance allies army assemblies attack authority Baltic Bavaria became Bohemia boyars Brandenburg Catalonia Catholic central centre Charles Christian church claim clergy Colbert conflict Cossacks court Crown defeat Denmark diplomatic Dutch economic Elector Elector of Brandenburg Emperor Empire enemies England English established Estates Europe European families Ferdinand fighting forces France French frontier German Gustav Habsburg History Holland Huguenots Imperial industry Jesuits king land landowners leaders less London Louis XIV Mazarin ment merchants military ministers monarchy Netherlands nobility nobles office-holders Olivares organised Paris Parlement Parliament peace Peace of Westphalia peasants Philip Poland Polish political popular princes produced Protestant Protestantism provinces Puritan rebellion rebels religion religious resistance revolt Richelieu Riksdag royal rule rulers Russia seemed seventeenth century society soldiers sovereign Spain Spanish Spanish Netherlands Stadholder success Sweden Swedish taxation territory tion towns townsmen trade Treaty tsar Turks urban victory wars western whole