Sex Differences in Lateralization in the Animal Brain
Until recently, little account has been taken of sex differences in many research studies in psychiatry, medicine and physiology. Subjects of these research studies were mainly men, with most researchers using twice as many males as females in their studies. The need to take a sexually differentiated approach has led to the work described in this book, concerning detailed investigations into the correlations between functional asymmetry of the brain and sex.
Sex Differences in Lateralization in the Animal Brain is the first monograph summarizing the sexual specificity of functional lateralization of the brain in animals and humans. It is based on original experimental data from animals and will be of interest to biologists, psychologists and neurobiologists.
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analysis androgens animals of different auditory cortex average behaviour Bianki cerebral hemispheres characteristics characterized compared to females conditioned reflex contrast corpus callosum cortical areas cortical zones different sexes differentiation dominanta dynamics emotional resonance estradiol estrous cycle estrus experiments female brain female rats Figure focal functional interhemispheric asymmetry gonadectomized hemisphere in males heterotopical TCRs homotopical TCRs hypothalamus individual asymmetry interhemispheric differences interzonal investigation latency lateralization left hemisphere dominance left hemisphere inactivation left-sided level of discrimination magnitude of asymmetry mainly male brain male rats males and females mixed sample motor activity negative component negative TCR components negative-positive TCRs open field pain vocalizations phase positive component positive-negative TCRs revealed right hemisphere dominance right hemisphere inactivation sensorimotor cortex sex differences sex hormones sex steroids sexual dimorphism somatosensory species-specific strongly expressed studied temporal parameters testosterone transcallosal connections transcallosal influences variance visual cortex visual stimuli vowels whereas in females Wistar rats women