Sex and Manners: Female Emancipation in the West 1890 - 2000

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SAGE, Sep 1, 2004 - History - 188 pages
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`This is a highly original and in many ways brilliant text. It is a model of how historical/process sociological research ought to be conducted and written-up. The author's subtle blending of theory and data is outstanding' - Eric Dunning, Professor of Sociology, University of Leicester

`Wouters has written a book both broad in scope and deep in analytic reach. Exploring changes in courtship norms over the last century in English, Dutch , German and American books of manners, he discovers changes which confirm the theory of informalization. Relations between the sexes are, he shows us, less regulated from outside and more from inside. This change calls – paradoxically – for both an emancipation of emotion and an ever sharper cultural eye on ways of managing emotion. The book carries Elias’s classic, The Civilizing Process one giant step further. An important contribution and a fascinating read' - Arlie Russell Hochschild, University of California

This dazzling book examines changes in American, Dutch, English and German manners, regarding the changing relationships between men and women. From the disappearance of rules for chaperonage and the rise of new codes for courting, dates, public dances and the work place, it shows how women have become their own chaperone by gaining the rights to pay for themselves, to have a job and be a sexual subject.

This original and thought-provoking book:

provides empirical evidence showing how younger generations removed their courting from under parental wings and how the balance of power between the sexes shifted in women’s favour;

monitors changes in codes regarding sexuality by focusing on the balance between the desire for sexual gratification and the longing for enduring intimacy;

documents the balance of controls over sexual impulses and emotions shifting from external social controls to internal ones;

compares nationally different trends, particularly between the USA and Europe, focusing on the American dating system and its resulting double standards;

argues that the initial greater freedom of American women has turned into a deficit.

Cas Wouters teaches Sociology at Utrecht University

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
12 On Regimes of Manners and Emotions
8
13 Manners and the Modelling Function of Good Societies
10
Confined to the Drawing Room
14
Dancing Fury
19
To Pay or Be Paid For?
24
41 England
25
42 Germany
27
67d Dating codes After the Second World War II
103
67e In and Out of Circulation
105
67f The Sexual Revolution in the USA
111
67g The 1980s and the 1990s
115
Some National Differences and General Trends
119
The Lust Balance of Sex and Love since the Sexual Revolution Fuck Romance
124
72 The Sexual Revolution
126
73 From Sexual Liberation to Sexual Oppression
128

43 The Netherlands
28
44 The USA
30
Going to Work Manners at Work
33
51 The USA
34
52 England
40
53 Germany
43
54 The Netherlands
44
Developments in Courting Regimes
47
62 Chaperonage and the Courting Regime in England
50
63 Chaperonage and the Courting Regime in Germany
57
64 Chaperonage and the Courting Regime in the Netherlands
64
65 Chaperonage in the USA
75
Some National Differences and General Trends
83
67 The American Dating Regime
85
67a The Stag Line Cutting In Getting Stuck
95
67b The Line
96
67c Dating Necking and Petting in the 1930s and early 1940s
98
73a The AntiPornography Movement
130
73b What is the Price of Sex?
133
74 Revival of Lust
135
75 A Lust and Love Revival
137
International Comparisons Theoretical Interpretations and Regularities in Processes of Emancipation and Integration
140
The Lustbalance and the Balance of Power the Balance of Controls and the WeI Balance
148
83 Regularities in Processes of Emancipation and Integration
153
Trendfollowers Radicals and Moderates
155
83c Phases in Processes of Emancipation Accommodation and Integration
157
83d Intensified TugsofWar and Ambivalence
159
Notes
162
References
165
Manners Books
171
Name Index
177
Subject Index
181
Copyright

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About the author (2004)

Cas Wouters is a senior lecturer at the Institute of General Social Sciences at Utrecht University.

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