Sexual Assault and the Justice Gap: A Question of Attitude
This book is set against the background of the so-called 'justice gap' in sexual assault cases. It represents an interdisciplinary attempt to examine the attitudinal problems which bedevil this area of law and to offer possible strategies for addressing them. Written by a professor of law and a professor of psychology, Sexual Assault and the Justice Gap reviews evidence from both socio-legal and social cognition research examining the impact of rape-related attitudes on judgements about sexual offenses. It presents new qualitative data from interviews with judges and barristers, and includes new experimental studies that illustrate how stereotypic beliefs about rape affect perceptions of victim blame and perpetrator culpability. The final part of the book discusses strategies to suppress the impact of rape stereotypes and promote the data-driven appraisal of sexual assault complaints.
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The Justice Gap in Sexual Assault Cases
Stereotypes Myths and Heuristics in the Perception of Sexual Assault
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alleged applications asked barristers blame the complainant British Crime Survey campaign cause of rape cent chapter coercive strategy complainant blame complainant's conviction rates court credibility Criminal Justice Reform criminal justice system Crown Prosecution Service defendant and complainant defendant liability effect England and Wales eta2 evaluation ex-partner expert evidence expert testimony female precipitation beliefs gender hindsight bias Home Office Hypothesis interviews involved issue judges and barristers jury decision-making justice gap Krahe less modern rape myth Office for Criminal participants perceived perpetrator plainant police posters presented problem prosecution PTSD question rape myth acceptance rape scenarios rape trauma syndrome rape trials rape victims ratings of defendant real rape stereotype relevant reported rapes responsibility role section 41 sexual aggression sexual assault sexual behaviour sexual intercourse sexual offences Sexual Offences Amendment stranger rape Temkin third party disclosure tion verdict victim blame victims of rape violence women