Shamanism and the Ancient Mind: A Cognitive Approach to Archaeology
Pearson brings a cogent, well-argued case for the understanding of much prehistoric art as shamanistic practice. Using the theoretical premises of cognitive archaeology and a careful examination of rock art worldwide, Pearson is able to dismiss other theories of why ancient peoples produced art_totemism, art-for-art's sake, structuralism, hunting magic. Then examining both ethnographic and neuropsychological evidence, he makes a strong case for the use of shamanistic ritual and hallucinogenic substances as the genesis of much prehistoric art. Bolstered with examples from contemporary cultures and archaeological sites around the world, Pearson's thesis should be of interest not only to archaeologists, but art historians, psychologists, cultural anthropologist, and the general public.
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The Roots of Cognitive Archaeology
The Evolution of Rock Art Research
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activities altered analogy ancient animals anthropologists archaeological record argued atlatl Bahn Basin bighorn sheep Binford brain California caves Clottes and Lewis-Williams cognitive approach cognitive archaeologists Cognitive researchers cognitive scholars concept concerning consciousness Coso Range depicted developed Dobkin de Rios elements Eliade engravings entoptic entoptic phenomena ethnographic ethnographic record evidence experience explanation figures hallucinations hallucinogenic Heizer and Baumhoff hunter-gatherer hunting magic hypothesis idea ideology imagery images inference interpretation Julian Steward Kehoe Krupp Leroi-Gourhan Lewis-Williams 1998 Lewis-Williams and Dowson mental metaphor methodology methods motifs nervous system neuropsychological model North America notion Numic paintings Paleolithic art parietal art past patterns perspective petroglyphs plants positivist postprocessual postprocessualists processual archaeology processualists psychoactive realm recognized Ripinsky-Naxon 1993 ritual rock art rock art research Schultes scientific shaman shamanistic social societies specific spirit Steward structure subsistence supernatural power symbolic theory tion traditional trance Upper Paleolithic Upper Paleolithic art Whitley