Shamanism and the origin of states: spirit, power, and gender in East Asia
Sarah Milledge Nelsonas bold thesis is that the development of states in East AsiaaChina, Japan, Koreaawas an outgrowth of the leadership in smaller communities guided by shamans. Using a mixture of historical documents, mythology, archaeological data, and ethnographic studies of contemporary shamans, she builds a case for shamans being the driving force behind the blossoming of complex societies. More interesting, shamans in East Asia are generally women, who used their access to the spirit world to take leadership roles. This work challenges traditional interpretations growth of Asian states, which is overlaid with later Confucian notions of gender roles. Written at a level accessible for undergraduates, this concise work will be fascinating reading for those interested in East Asian archaeology, politics, and society; in gender roles, and in shamanism.
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ORIENTATION TO SHAMANISM
The Puyang Burial China
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Ancient China ancient East Asia animals archaeology artifacts Asian Baekje beads beliefs birds Bronze Age burial called Chang Chinese Ching context culture dance depicted described divination dragon drums Early Neolithic East Asia Edited elite Erlitou evidence excavated female Figure figurines gender Goddess Goguryeo grave Haniwa Hongshan Hongshan culture horses human ideology Ikawa-Smith important Inner Mongolia interpreted islands jade Japan Japanese Jiahu Jomon Keightley Kim Won-yong Korea Korean peninsula Korean shamanism Lady Hao Late Neolithic leaders leadership Liangzhu male mosaic mound mountains Nelson Neolithic Niuheliang northern oracle bones painted Paleolithic pigs political pottery queens region religion ritual rulers Russian Far East sacrifices seance Seoul shamanism in East shamanistic Shandong Shang dynasty Shang kings Shang period shell shrine Siberia Silla spirits stone suggests symbols texts tiger tomb turtle University Press vessels women shamans Wu Ding Yayoi Zhou