Shape Memory Materials
K. Otsuka, C. M. Wayman
Cambridge University Press, Oct 7, 1999 - Technology & Engineering - 284 pages
Shape memory materials are fascinating materials, with the potential for application as "smart materials" and also as new functional materials. This book presents a systematic and up-to-date account of all aspects of shape memory materials, from fundamentals to applications. Starting from the basic principles of the martensitic transformation, on which the shape memory effect and the superelasticity of alloys are based, the mechanisms of the two phenomena are clearly described, together with possible applications. The characteristics, fabrication techniques and thermomechanical treatment of various shape memory alloys are described in detail, with special emphasis on Ti-Ni and Ti-Ni-X (with X being Cu, Fe etc.) alloys. The book then describes various applications and design principles, for example in actuators, medical applications and as smart materials. The book contains chapters on shape memory ceramics and polymers as well as shape memory alloys, making the book a comprehensive account of the field.
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Shape memory materials as function of temperature gradient may give a clue on grinding resistivity offered by fuzzy logic comparator a function of fermi level intrinsic and extrinsic characters as a balance between electron charge and hole comparator using tourmaline pyrometric electron flow using basic Peltier effect.The stress produced nodes of Gauss -legendra finite element theory can also be compared along the diagonal plane indices using Piezo electric effect also.Finally a mathematical logic of Jacobian diagnolisation could be evaluated as mathematical intelligent computational circuits as applicable manufacturing technology.Future new designs depends upon this research outcome which could be better facilitate in Robotic technology.
Sankaravelyudhan Nandakumar MET Engineering College