Shoplifting: A Social History
Shoplifting is a practice that has been engaged in for centuries, but it was only after the Civil War that the prevalence of shoplifting and societal awareness of it, became significant. In the 1860s the typical shoplifter was from the lower classes; by 1900 it was an upper-class woman who shoplifted from a huge department store "because" she was a "kleptomaniac", and in the 1960s it was teenagers stealing for kicks. Shoplifting: A Social History looks at the activity of shoplifting for the last 140 years: the types of people singled out as the principal offenders, retailers' ambivalent responses to the activity, selective prosecution, the utilization of high-tech antitheft devices, and suing shoplifters to recover costs. Also examined are media accounts which have often used exaggerated numbers when discussing the activity and the effect of private justice on the offense. Discrepancies in treatment of lower-class women versus "respectable" women shoplifters will be of interest to women's studies scholars.
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THE KLEPTOMANIAC STEALS THE SPOTLIGHT 1860s1918
SHOPLIFTING Is PICKING UP 19191946
TELEVISION REACHES STORES AND WATCHES YOU 19471959
LATEST TEENAGE FAD SHOPLIFTING 19601969
SHOPLIFTING COSTS STORES 05 BILLION A YEAR OR 5 BILLIONOR 30 BILLION 19701979
STORES SUE SHOPLIFTERS 19801989
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25 percent 50 percent accused adults annually antishoplifting apprehended average behavior Business Week Canada cent chain charged Checkpoint cited civil demand civil recovery civil recovery law clerk closed-circuit television corporate police cost court crime criminal customers December December 20 declared department store drug stores electronic article surveillance employee theft estimated false arrest five percent gender girls Ibid increase in shoplifting jail Journal of Retailing juveniles kleptomania Knogo loss prevention major male merchandise merchants million NRMA observed offenders outlets person pilferage pilfering problem professional prosecution released researchers responsible Retail Council retail value Roger Griffin Ross Stores Security Management security personnel Sensormatic sentenced shoplifting losses shoppers shortages shrinkage rate SMPA social source tagging stealing store detective store security supermarkets survey suspect teenage television thief thieves woman women World Report York
Page 167 - Arboleda-Florez, J., Helen Durie and John Costello. "Shoplifting — An Ordinary Crime?", International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, Vol. 21, No. 3, 1977, 201-207. Beck, Esther Ann, and Sherwood C. Mclntrye. "MMPI Patterns of Shoplifting Within a College Population.