Showing Our Colors: Afro-German Women Speak Out

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May Opitz, May Ayim, Katharina Oguntoye, Dagmar Schultz
Univ of Massachusetts Press, 1992 - Social Science - 239 pages
Precolonial images of Africa, colonialism, and fascism -- The Germans in the Colonies -- African and Afro-German women in the Weimar Republic and under National Socialism -- Our father was Cameroonian, our mother, East Prussian, we are mulattoes / Doris Reiprich and Erika Ngambi Ul Kuo -- An "occupation baby" in postwar Germany / Helga Emde -- "Aren't you glad you can stay here?" / Astrid Berger -- "Mirror the invisible,play the forgotten" / Miriam Goldschmidt -- Three Afro-German women in conversation with Dagmar Schultz / Laura Baum, Katharina Oguntoye, May Optiz[sic] -- "What makes me so different in the eyes of others?" / Ellen Wiedenroth -- Old Europe meets up with itself in a different place / Corinna N. -- "All of a sudden, I knew what I wanted" / Angelika Eisenbrandt -- "I do the same things that others do" / Julia Berger -- Mother: Afro-German, Father: Ghanaian / Abena Adomako -- The break / May Optiz[sic] -- What I've always wanted to tell you / Katharina Oguntoye -- "I never wanted to write, I just couldn't help myself" / Raya Lubinetzki.
 

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Contents

The First Africans in Germany
3
Moors and White Christians
4
From Moors to Negroes
6
The Construction of a Concept
9
Sexism and Racism
11
Notes
15
The Germans in the Colonies
19
The Emigrants Sense of Mission
21
An Occupation Baby in Postwar Germany
101
Arent you glad you can stay here?
113
Mirror the invisible I Play the forgotten
119
Racism Here and Now
125
Everyday Racism in Books for Children and Youths
127
AfroGermans between SelfAssertion and SelfDenial
133
Identification and SelfValuation
140
The Inbetween World as Opportunity
141

German Women in the Colonies
27
Colonization of Consciousness through Mission and Education
30
The Colonial Heritage
34
Notes
37
African and AfroGerman Women in the Weimar Republic and under National Socialism
41
Black Rapists and Rhineland Bastards
44
Disgrace to the Race and Colonial Propaganda
49
Notes
53
Our Father Was Cameroonian Our Mother East Prussian We Are Mulattoes
56
The SoCalled Occupation Babies
77
A Digression on Race Terminology and Sexism
82
Scientific Studies on the Status of AfroGermans in the 19505
85
Notes
96
Notes
143
The First Exchange for This Book
145
What makes me so different in the eyes of others?
165
Old Europe Meets Up with Itself in a Different Place
178
All of a sudden I knew what I wanted
191
I do the same things that others do
196
AfroGerman Father Ghanaian
199
May Opitz age The Break
204
What Ive Always Wanted to Tell You
212
Recapitulation and Outlook
228
Translators Afterword
234
Literature and Addresses
238
Copyright

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About the author (1992)

An African American lesbian feminist critic and writer, Lorde was born in Harlem and educated at National University of Mexico, Hunter College, and Columbia University. She married in 1962 and divorced in 1970, after having two children. Lorde first came to critical attention with her poetry. Her first poem was published in Seventeen magazine while she was in high school; it had been rejected by her high school newspaper because it was "too romantic" (Lorde considered her "mature" poetry, which focuses on her lesbian relationships, to be romantic also). Other early poems were published in many different journals, many of them under the pseudonym Rey Domini. Her first volume of poetry, "The First Cities," was published in 1968. Lorde then quit her job as head librarian at a school in New York City in order to devote her time to teaching and writing. She was a professor of English at Hunter College from 1980 until her untimely death from cancer in 1992. Although many of Lorde's poems are about love, many are about anger, particularly anger about racism, sexism, and homophobia in America. "The Brown Menace or Poem to the Survival of Roaches" likens African Americans to cockroaches---hated, feared, and poisoned by whites but survivors nevertheless. Other poems express a daughter's anger toward her mother; still others eschew anger for affirmation and inspiration, which are represented as coming from lesbian love and traditional African myths because, as Lorde has said, "the master's tools will not dismantle the master's house." Lorde is also well known for her prose. Her courageous account of her struggle with breast cancer and the mastectomy that she underwent is movingly chronicled in "The Cancer Journals" (1980), her first major prose publication. "Zami, a New Spelling of My Name" (1982) is, in Lorde's words, a "biomythography," combining history, biography, and myth. In "Zami," Lorde focuses on her developing lesbian identity and her response to racism in the white feminist and gay communities, and to sexism and homophobia in the African American community. Lorde's critical essays, collected in "Sister/Outsider" (1984) and "A Burst of Light "(1988), have been quite influential, particularly "Uses of the Erotic: The Erotic as Power," in which she discusses the relationship of poetry to politics and the erotic. Lorde was the recipient of several grants---from the National Endowment for the Arts in 1968 and 1981 and from the Creative Artists Public Service in 1972---as well as the Borough of Manhattan President's Award for Literary Excellence in 1987. She was also nominated for the National Book Award for poetry in 1974 for her third volume of verse, "From a Land Where Other People Live"(1973).

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