Sigfried Giedion: An Intellectual Biography
The architectural and cultural historian Sigfried Giedion (1888-1968) was a contemporary of the pioneering generation of modern architects - the generation of Walter Gropius, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and Le Corbusier. After studying art history with Heinrich Wolfflin, Giedion followed a polemical career that went far beyond the conventional bounds of academia. He defined the historical context and significance of the modern movement, proclaiming its goals and chronicling its progress. As General Secretary of the CIAM (International Congress for Modern Architecture) he was the organisational and theoretical focus of the modernist debate for over forty years. His book Space, Time and Architecture has been enormously influential for successive generations of architects and historians, and this and other writing provide the basis for an intellectual biography of Giedion that is of fundamental importance to the understanding of architectural modernism.
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Spatial Paradigms at the Turn of the Century
CIAM Secretary and Administrator of
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according to Giedion aesthetic anonymous architects Architektur und Gemeinschaft art-historical artistic attitude Baroque Bauen in EISEN Bauen in EISENBETON Bauen in FRANKREICH Bauhaus Bruno Taut building characteristics CIAM CIAM Congress concept of space construction contemporary context Corbusier Corbusier's Cubist cultural described discussion elements epoch Erich Mendelsohn Eternal Present example expression exterior fact fourth dimension function geometry Giedion wrote Gothic Gropius's Hannes Meyer historian housing human idea industry interior space Jean Metzinger Lansdowne Crescent Late Baroque material means Mechanization Takes Command modern architecture Modern Movement Neue Ziircher Zeitung Neues Bauen nineteenth century non-Euclidian geometry object organisation painting perspective possible problem production question reality relationship Renaissance Riegl Romantic Classicism Romanticism romantischer Klassizismus sculpture Sigfried Giedion social space-time Spatbarocker und romantischer spatial Stijl structure style Suprematism symbols Theo van Doesburg theoretical theory three-dimensional tion tradition wall Walter Gropius Wolfflin