Significant Difference?: A Comparative Analysis of Multicultural Policies in the United Kingdom and the Netherlands
Violent incidents that took place in 2004 and 2005 in the Netherlands and the UK respectively prompted people to claim that multiculturalism had failed. This claim requires an assessment of the effect of the policies that were drafted based on this political philosophy. In this study, the author analyses two sets of policies developed from multiculturalism: policies of anti-discrimination of minorities and their labour market participation. The effect of these policies is assessed by studying the policy objectives and their results.Based on this review, the author concludes that while there is still much to achieve in the fields of anti-discrimination and labour market participation, multiculturalism did not fail in the UK. On the contrary, it created a positive public perception of diversity and a high participation of minorities in the labour market. This contrasts with results achieved in the Netherlands where policies have fluctuated in such a way that the public attitude towards diversity is ambivalent and the participation of minorities in the labour market is much lower than that of their native counterpart.
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Assimilation Integration and Multiculturalism
3 Multiculturalism in practice
Did Multiculturalism fail?
18 August Accessed achieve adopt multiculturalism aims and objectives allochtonen anti-discrimination policies assimilation August British Centre-left coalition Coenders Commission for Equal compliance countries David Goodhart dealing with diversity diversity challenges dominant Dutch government empirical employment rates Equal Opportunities Policies Equal Treatment Equalities Review Ethnic Minorities Act Etnische European European Commission freedom Geert Wilders human rights ICCPR ideology of multiculturalism immigrant integration implementation individual’s individuals Integration and Multiculturalism Joppke July Kukathas Kymlicka labour market participation Labour Party legislation liberal Maas and Flap Maluku manifestation of different ments migrants Ministry minority groups multicul multicultural policies multiculturalism failed nation-building native Dutch Nederland Nemetz Netherlands ofthe organisations participation of minorities Penninx pillarisation Pim Fortuyn policies of multiculturalism prejudice public sphere PvdA Race Relations Act Racial racism result SAMEN Act Scheepers Stephen Lawrence Table ticulturalism tion Tubergen turalism Tweede Kamer United Kingdom WRR report