Discoveries: Signs, Symbols and Ciphers
To communicate, people have always used signs and symbols: marks, gestures, and words that represent abstract ideas and concrete objects. Over time, these have multiplied into an immense and complex network of images, figures, emblems. We use signs to measure such difficult concepts as number, danger, value, distances in time and space, and even love. How does a sign represent the thing for which it substitutes? How do we come to understand the meaning of a written symbol? What happens when a sign crosses international borders of language and culture? Chapter by chapter, Georges Jean conducts us through the fascinating realm of maps, pictograms, logographs, letterforms, patterns, signals, codes, and facial expressions.
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19th century abstract signs alphabet American ancient animals beacon Bibliotheque body braille Bronze Age called cartographic cave Chappe Christian colors communication complex convey Cross cultures Dario Fo decorated detail developed diagram divine dots early Ejagham engraving example express figures fingers flag France French gestures graphic Greek hand human I. J. Gelb icons ideas illustration images Indian indicate invented Jean Abelanet Jean Vertut Josef Koudelka Lascaux legend letters Lighthouse lines linguistic marks meaning metaphor Mircea Eliade modern Morse code motifs Musee Ngbe nsibidi objects optical telegraph Origins of Writing painting Pakistan Paleolithic Paris photograph pictographic political religious represent representation rites ritual road signs runway semaphore semiology Sign Language sign system signals Signes sans paroles signify social Spain speech spoken stone stylized symbols telegraph things tion tradition translated Trappist Tree Tufte Umberto Eco University Val Camonica visual words