Sins against Science: The Scientific Media Hoaxes of Poe, Twain, and Others

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SUNY Press, Sep 14, 2016 - Political Science - 308 pages

Recounts the fake news stories, written from 1830 to 1880, about scientific and technological discoveries, and the effect these hoaxes had on readers and their trust in science.

Lynda Walsh explores a provocative era in American history—the proliferation of fake news stories about scientific and technological discoveries from 1830 to 1880. These hoaxes, which fooled thousands of readers, offer a first-hand look at an intriguing guerilla tactic in the historical struggle between arts and sciences in America. Focusing on the hoaxes of Richard Adams Locke, Edgar Allan Poe, Mark Twain, and Dan De Quille, the author combines rhetorical hermeneutics, linguistic pragmatics, and reader-response theory to answer three primary questions: How did the hoaxes work? What were the hoaxers trying to accomplish? And—what is a hoax?

“Its careful examination of contemporary reader reactions to the hoaxes provides concrete evidence for what people actually believed—thus attesting very specifically to the nineteenth-century ‘assumptions about the real world’ that were being ‘called into question’ by the hoaxes … impressively wide range of historical and theoretical resources are brought to bear on these ‘acts of reading.’ All of this is woven into a rich and nuanced account of what we stand to gain—in terms of understanding the past—by taking seriously a handful of little known jests.” — The Edgar Allen Poe Review

“I found the book to be quite informative, not only as a technical exploration concerned with how readers interact with texts that promulgate hoaxes, but also as a work providing helpful glimpses of the emerging roles of science and media in this period.” — Thomas M. Lessl, The University of Georgia

“As Walsh points out, there is no extended analysis of hoaxes in the rhetoric of science, and her book shows how important hoaxes are in understanding the history of professionalized science as it emerged in the United States. The relationship of science and the the public is of utmost importance in science studies, and the author has identified a key source of historical information about this relationship.” — Ellen Barton, coeditor of Discourse Studies in Composition

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
1 A Brief Natural History of Hoaxing
17
2 Method
35
3 Poes Hoaxing and the Construction of Readerships
51
4 Mark Twain and the Social Mechanics of Laughter
121
Building and Defending the West
173
6 The Mechanics of Hoaxing
213
The Sokal Hoax
227
How to Read Tables in Optimality Theory OT
241
Reader Responses to the Moon Hoax
245
Notes
253
Glossary
275
Bibliography
279
Index
291
Copyright

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About the author (2016)

Lynda Walsh is Assistant Professor of English at the New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology.

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