Skill Shortages, Women and the New Information Technologies
Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1992 - Employees - 38 pages
The spread of New Information Technologies (NITs) to every sector of the economy has far reaching implication for the design of jobs, for patterns of work organization, and for vocational educational training systems. The full potential of the NITs is however being restricted by chronic skills shortages, particularly of high level NIT skills. Women will comprise a more significant proportion of the European Community (EC) labor force in the future, but they have traditionally been clustered at the bottom of the ladder in a limited number of industrial sectors. This report addresses three main issues: the extent to which the shake up in the work organization will facilitate better use of women as a resource; barriers to women filling the skill shortages in NITs; and how these barriers could be overcome. The report is divided into seven sections: (1) Introduction; (2) Barriers to Women's Employment (the gendering of jobs, child care and domestic commitments, qualifications); (3) Skill and the NITs (deskilling, upskilling and polarization; the "new pedagogics"; the social construction of skill); (4) Skill Shortages in the NITs (technicists, "hybrids" or "business analysts"); (5) Women's Employment and the NITs (gendered subject choice at school, qualifications and segregation, discrimination in employers' recruitment and promotion practices); (6) Women's Training in the NITs (the androcentricity of training provision, women returners' training needs, confidence building, women-only training, female tutors for NITs); and (7) Conclusion and Recommendations. The recommendations focus on ways in which women's access to training in NITs might be facilitated by school based education, vocational education training (VET) systems, and employers. Three tables display data on women's and men's employment in the EC; women's training and the European Social Fund; and students in IT related degree and postgraduate degree courses in the EC. (Contains 48 references.) (ALF)
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SKILL AND THE NEW INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
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Androcentricity barriers to women's business analysts business managers Cardiff career break child-care Cockburn Commission COMMUNITY LEGISLATION companies computing confidence building construction of skill cost of non-Europe courses deskilled Ducatel and Miles Eastern Europe effect employers Employment engineering entry equal opportunities European Communities Office European Economy European Social Fund Eurostat Exclusionary Mechanisms gender identity gender segregation girls high level Human Resources identified increasingly Information Technologies internal labour markets internal market Ireland ISBN ISSN issue Jean Monnet Jordanstown lack level IT skills low level Luxembourg male territory networks NITs skill shortages numbers of women organisation patterns qualifications recruitment Rees routes of progression sector sex computer shortages in NITs single market skill level Social Europe social science graduates specific studies technical competence Telex tend Training and Youth training provision unskilled Volume women in particular women returning women-only training women's access women's needs workers