Skill upgrading and production transfer within Swedish multinationals in the 1990s
Centre for European Policy Studies, 2001 - Business & Economics - 25 pages
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affiliates abroad affiliates in non-OECD average annual change Capital stock CATHERWOOD LIBRARY CEECs cent CEPS coefficient columns demand for skills Dependent variable developed countries employees employers in Swedish employment changes employment in Swedish equation estimate exports factor firm level foreign affiliates foreign direct investment Hansson high-income countries homothetic horizontal MNE transfer increased industry analysis industry level knowledge capital less-skilled labour locations manufacturing MNE parents Markusen MNE Parents Manu non-OECD countries OECD affiliates OECD countries overall manufacturing parent employment parent firm parent skill upgrading period physical capital Policy production in developed production transfer R&D expenditure R&D intensity RD/Y regression analysis regressor relative demand result skill intensive skill share skilled and less-skilled skilled labour skilled-labour abundant countries Slaughter 2000 Source Statistics Sweden Sweden Swedish manufacturing MNEs Swedish parents Table theoretical MNE models transfer in Swedish unbalanced sample upgrading in Swedish value added variable vertical FDI vertical MNE transfer Wage incomes