Slavery and Crime in Missouri, 1773-1865

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McFarland, Jan 1, 2001 - Social Science - 324 pages
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Slavery and its lasting effects have long been an issue in America, with the scars inflicted running deep. This study examines crimes such as stealing, burglary, arson, rape and murder committed against and by slaves, with most of the author's information coming from handwritten court records and newspapers. These documents show the death penalty rarely applied when a slave killed another slave, but that it always applied when a slave killed a white person. Despite Missouri's grim criminal justice system, the state's best lawyers were called upon to represent slaves in court on serious criminal charges, and federal law applied to all persons, granting slaves in Missouri protection that few other slave states had. By 1860, Missouri's population was only 10 percent slave, the smallest percentage of any slave state in America.
 

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Contents

Preface
1
Spanish Colonial Administration
7
Early American Rule
26
Noncapital Territorial Wrongdoing
47
Slave Elijahs 1818 Trial on a Charge of Conspiracy
67
The 1820 Missouri Constitution and Its Background
82
Costs in Criminal Cases
98
BlackonBlack Crime
109
Capital Crimes by Wandering Boys and Men
210
The Crime Its Punishment and Its Pardons
237
Antebellum Lynchings of Blacks Slave and Free
251
Tabular Summary
271
Tabular Summary
273
Tabular Summary
275
Tabular Summary
277
Tabular Summary
281

White Perpetrators Black and Mulatto Victims
125
Noncapital Statehood Crime White and Black
145
Girls and Women
167
Capital Crimes by Coerced Boys and Men
195
Notes
283
Bibliography
307
Index
319
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