Slavery and Crime in Missouri, 1773-1865
Slavery and its lasting effects have long been an issue in America, with the scars inflicted running deep. This study examines crimes such as stealing, burglary, arson, rape and murder committed against and by slaves, with most of the author's information coming from handwritten court records and newspapers. These documents show the death penalty rarely applied when a slave killed another slave, but that it always applied when a slave killed a white person. Despite Missouri's grim criminal justice system, the state's best lawyers were called upon to represent slaves in court on serious criminal charges, and federal law applied to all persons, granting slaves in Missouri protection that few other slave states had. By 1860, Missouri's population was only 10 percent slave, the smallest percentage of any slave state in America.
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Spanish Colonial Administration
Early American Rule
Noncapital Territorial Wrongdoing
Slave Elijahs 1818 Trial on a Charge of Conspiracy
The 1820 Missouri Constitution and Its Background
Costs in Criminal Cases
Capital Crimes by Wandering Boys and Men
The Crime Its Punishment and Its Pardons
Antebellum Lynchings of Blacks Slave and Free
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accused American Annice April arrest attorney bill body bondpersons Boone County Callaway County Cape Girardeau County capital Celia Chapter charges Charles Chouteau Circuit Court Records civil Clay County committed confession constitution convicted Cooper County County Circuit Court county history County jail court costs Court of Missouri crime David Barton death penalty death sentence defendant District Elijah executed extant first-degree murder found guilty Genevieve George governor grand jury hanged Henry History of Missouri Houck Howard County Indian indicted inquest John judge July justice killed known larceny Louis County Louisiana Territory lynching male slaves Manuel Lisa Mary master Mat's Missouri Territory mulatto Negro newspaper offense Orleans owner perpetrator persons poison probably prosecution prosecutor punishment rape recognizance bond resident Saline County sheriff slave woman slaveholders souri Spanish statute Supreme Court surviving testified took trial U.S. Congress Upper Louisiana victim Virginia whipped William witnesses women
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