This work examines Czech Structuralism from the mid-nineteen twenties until 1948 (J. Muka?ovsky, R. Jakobson, F. Vodi?ka, R. Wellek, etc.), the Polish so-called Integral School, lasting from about 1930 until 1945, (M. Kridl, K. Budzyk, F. Siedlicki, D. Hopensztand, S. ?o?kiewski), as well as R. Ingarden's views on literary criticism, i.e. that system of literary theory which together with Russian Formalism was termed "Slavic Structuralism." The whole period is examined in developmental chronology. Despite this, the goal is not a history of science, but to throw light on the system of literary criticism which Slavic Structuralism has bequeathed to us and to show to what extent and how it can be of use to us.
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activity aesthetic function aesthetic norm aesthetic object analysis axiology basis beauty becomes characteristics cognition complete con concrete consciousness considered contrast created Czech discipline elements Engels essence evaluation example experience explain fact follows Formalists freedom functional structuralism genres George Lukács goal historical historicism Husserl ideal concepts idealistic individual Ingarden Ingarden's theory intention intentional object interpretation intersubjective identity intersubjectively verifiable Jakobson language linguistic and literary literary codes literary history literary scholarship literary theory literature Lukács Lukács's manifested Marx Marxist literary criticism metaphysical qualities method mode of existence morphological object Mukafovsky Mukařov Mukařovský nature ontic ontology Opojaz paradigm phenomena phenomenology philosophy poetic Polish positivism possible precisely psychologism question reader reading reality reason relationship role Russian Formalism Russian Formalists schematized aspects sciences semantic gesture sentences Slavic Structuralism social struc structural structuralist thing tion trend turalism Vodicka Volosinov whilst whole word writer