Small Scale Processes in Geophysical Fluid Flows
While ocean waves are the most visible example of oceanic mixing processes, this macroscale mixing process represents but one end of the spectrum of mixing processes operating in the ocean. At the scale of a typical phytoplanktoic diatom or larval fish inhabiting these seas, the most important mixing processes occur on the molecular scale - at the scale of turbulence. Physical-biological interactions at this scale are of paramount importance to the productivity of the seas (fisheries) and the heat balance that controls large scale ocean climate phenomena such as El Niņo and tornadoes. This book grew out of the need for a comprehensive treatment of the diverse elements of geophysical fluid flow at the microscale. Kantha and Clayson have arranged a logial exposition of the various mixing processes operating within and between the oceans and its boundaries with the atmosphere and ocean floor. The authors' intent is to develop a volume that would provide a comprehensive treatment of the fundamental elements of ocean mixing so that students, academics, and professional fluid dynamicists and oceanographers can access this essential information from one source. This volume will serve as both a valuable reference tool for mathematically inclined limnologists, oceanographers and fluid modelers.
* Simple models of oceanic and atmospheric boundary layers are discussed
* Comprehensive and up-to-date review
* Useful for graduate level course
* Essential for modeling the oceans and the atmosphere
* Color Plates
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Chapter 2 Oceanic Mixed Layer
Chapter 3 Atmospheric Boundary Layer
Chapter 4 Surface Exchange Processes
Chapter 5 Surface Waves
Chapter 6 Internal Waves
Chapter 7 DoubleDiffusive Processes
Chapter 8 Lakes and Reservoirs
Appendix A Units
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air–sea interface atmosphere bottom boundary layer bulk buoyancy buoyancy flux CABL Clayson cloud coefficient component constant cooling density depends depth diffusion dissipation rate diurnal drag coefficient dynamics eddies effects energy entrainment equation Figure fluid fraction frequency function geophysical gradient gravity waves heat flux horizontal important interactions internal waves Kantha kinematic Kolmogoroff lake Langmuir Langmuir circulations latent heat flux length scale measurements mixed layer molecular momentum NABL nonlinear observations parameter parameterization phytoplankton potential temperature processes profiles pycnocline quantities radiation radiative ratio region Reynolds number Richardson number rotation salinity salt fingers scalar sea surface shear shows simulations solar solitons specific humidity spectral space spectrum stable stably stratified stratification stress surface layer surface waves temperature thermocline timescale transfer turbulent flow typical variability vertical viscosity water column water vapor wave breaking wave field wave motions wavenumber wind speed wind-wave
Page xxiii - NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NCAR National Center for Atmospheric Research...
Page 854 - Weatherly, GL, and PJ Martin, 1978: On the structure and dynamics of the oceanic bottom boundary layer.
Page 829 - Wave-turbulence interactions in the upper ocean. Part II: Statistical characteristics of wave and turbulent components of the random velocity field in the marine surface layer.
Page 840 - Tennekes, H., 1981: A rate equation for the nocturnal boundary layer height. J. Atmos. Sci. 38, 1418-1428. Nieuwstadt, FTM & van Dop, H., 1982: Atmospheric Turbulence and Air Pollution Modelling, D.