Small Scale Processes in Geophysical Fluid Flows

Front Cover
Elsevier, Aug 7, 2000 - Science - 750 pages
While ocean waves are the most visible example of oceanic mixing processes, this macroscale mixing process represents but one end of the spectrum of mixing processes operating in the ocean. At the scale of a typical phytoplanktoic diatom or larval fish inhabiting these seas, the most important mixing processes occur on the molecular scale - at the scale of turbulence. Physical-biological interactions at this scale are of paramount importance to the productivity of the seas (fisheries) and the heat balance that controls large scale ocean climate phenomena such as El Niņo and tornadoes. This book grew out of the need for a comprehensive treatment of the diverse elements of geophysical fluid flow at the microscale. Kantha and Clayson have arranged a logial exposition of the various mixing processes operating within and between the oceans and its boundaries with the atmosphere and ocean floor. The authors' intent is to develop a volume that would provide a comprehensive treatment of the fundamental elements of ocean mixing so that students, academics, and professional fluid dynamicists and oceanographers can access this essential information from one source. This volume will serve as both a valuable reference tool for mathematically inclined limnologists, oceanographers and fluid modelers.
* Simple models of oceanic and atmospheric boundary layers are discussed
* Comprehensive and up-to-date review
* Useful for graduate level course
* Essential for modeling the oceans and the atmosphere
* Color Plates
 

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Contents

Chapter 1 Turbulence
1
Chapter 2 Oceanic Mixed Layer
113
Chapter 3 Atmospheric Boundary Layer
283
Chapter 4 Surface Exchange Processes
417
Chapter 5 Surface Waves
511
Chapter 6 Internal Waves
615
Chapter 7 DoubleDiffusive Processes
685
Chapter 8 Lakes and Reservoirs
735
Appendix B Equations of State
783
Appendix C Important Scales and Nondimensional Quantities
793
Appendix D Wave Motions
803
References
805
Biographies
855
Index
865
List of Volumes in the Series
885
Color Plate Section
889

Appendix A Units
773

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About the author (2000)

Dr. Kantha graduated witha Ph.D. from M.I.T. in 1973. He then joined the John Hopkins Unversity and worked on problems related to mixing precesses in the oceans. In the 1980's his interest turned to numerical modeling of the oceans and he worked at the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory of the Princeton University. After a brief stay at the Naval Research Laboratory at Stennis Space Center in Mississippi, he joined the University of Colorado in 1991. He has worked closely with the Naval Oceanographic Office and the Naval Research Laboratory on operational nowcast/forecast models of the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea, the Yellow Sea and the Persian Gulf. He has received awards from the U.S. Navy for his assistance during Desert Storm. His current research interest is in combining satellite data such as from altimeters with comprehensive numerical ocean/atmosphere models for application to real time nowcast/forecasts of marginal seas. He holds an IPA appointment from the Naval Oceanographic Office and assist them on operational models of marginal seas.

Dr. Clayson graduated from the University of Colorado in 1994. Since then, she has been on the faculty at Purdue University. Her principal interests are in mixing processes, air-sea exchange and numerial models. She is a recipient of NSF Young Investigator award. She has also received awards for teaching from Purdue.

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