Small Business in Indonesia
All 'eyes' are turning to Asia's economic miracle - sustained economic growth paralleled with rapid social change. In the context of this change, small family businesses continue to prosper and grow in number. For Indonesia, Southeast Asia's largest economy, the growth is crucial for absorbing the annual increase of 2.4 million new job seekers.This book seeks explanations for the rapid growth of small family businesses in Indonesia. It develops an alternative analytical framework which departs from past models of the informal sector and petty commodity production and similarly dismisses recent attempts to apply Western theories of flexible specialization to the Third World. Rather, emphasis is placed on the internal family structure of small businesses and its industrial organization in geographically specific clusters of similar businesses.By investigating in detail small family garment and wood furniture businesses in Greater Jakarta, the issue of their industrial organization is explored in a specific geographical and historical context. The detailed investigation reveals the importance of the family and its linkages to similar small businesses located in the immediate surroundings. The importance of local socio-economic conditions and the regional government policy environment are highlighted through several detailed examples.
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Examining a Third World system of enterprises
Jakartas industry in its spatial context
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activity average businesses capital capitalist cent Central changes chapter close clusters companies competition concentrated continued cost countries created Development discussed domestic East economic employed employment entrepreneurs establishments examined example explanation export factory family businesses Figure firms flexible specialisation formal further garment and wood garment enterprises garment industry Greater growth Hill important increase Indonesia informal sector inputs inter-firm interviewed investment Jakarta Java Jepara Klender labour land large firms largest less linkages located machines manufacturing material medium nature networks noted organisation owners policies production range regional relationships scale segmented shown significant skilled small enterprises small-scale enterprises Source South Korea spatial specific structure studies subcontracting Sukabumi Udik supply Table textile Third World trade traditional units urban wage West wood furniture industries workers workshops