Social Agency: Dilemmas and Education Praxiology
Wojciech W. Gasparski, Marek Krzysztof Mlicki, Bela H. Banathy
Transaction Publishers, 1996 - Philosophy - 351 pages
Praxiology deals with doing and working from the point of view of effectiveness. It has three components: analysis of concepts involving purposive actions; critique of models of action from the viewpoint of efficiency; and normative advisory aspects in recommendations for increasing human efficiency. This fourth volume of the Praxiology series is devoted to the very special topic of social agency. It focuses on two important praxiological concepts: rationality and preparation as preconditions for human action to be effective and efficient. The question of efficiency was raised by Anatol Rapoport over three decades ago in his lecture to the audience at the Praxiological Seminar in Warsaw in 1961. Social Agency begins with an article written by this same famous scholar on the topic of decision theory, "Social Dilemmas: A Historical Overview." Social dilemmas is the subject of the first part of this volume, a question related to studies on human action guided by two types of rationality: individual and collective rationality. The intersection of the two, in which individuals meet collectives, creates the situation in which social agency emerges, generating dilemmatic circumstances for the actors involved. The articles collected in the second part explore praxiological dimensions of education aimed toward the knowledge society, because of knowledge possessed and produced by educated persons. Chapters and contributors to volume 4 include: "Five Questions on the Research on Social Dilemmas" by Marek K. Mlicki; "Psychological Processes Underlying Cooperation in Social Dilemmas" by Paul A. M. Van Lange and David M. Messick; "Designing a System for Design Learning: Designers and/or Learners?" by Arne Collen; "Creating an Evolutionary Image of New Systems of Learning and Human Development" by Janet A. Khan; and "A Study Program Design in Retrospect" by Stig C. Holmberg. Social Agency continues the trend of original research done in a little-known, but important area. Social scientists, policymakers, and educators will benefit from this work.
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A Historical Overview
Five Questions to the Research on Social Dilemmas
Psychological Processes Underlying
The Controversy about the Evolution of Cooperation
Volunteers Dilemma and Efficiency of Action
System Praxis in Education
Educational Praxiology for Politicians and Executives
The Systems Design of Education
A Design Process
Design of Evolutionary Education Systems
A Canadian Example
A Methodology for Use of Systems Thinking and Redesign
A Study Program Design in Retrospect
Curriculum in Action
Creating an Evolutionary Image of New Systems
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Ackoff action activities analysis approach Baha'i Banathy behavior Callaos choose co-player collective rationality concepts conflict context cooperative choices cultural curriculum decision decision theory defect defined design learning Diekmann Dilemma game discussion economic education/learning effects efficiency environment environmental equilibrium evolution evolutionarily stable evolutionarily stable strategies evolutionary example experiences facilitator game theory Gasparski global goal Guaymi human individually rational inquiry Institute interactions interest International intervention involved Journal of Personality learner lifestories LSSE maximize Messick methodology mixed strategies motivation n-person Nash equilibrium organization Ostersund outcome participants payoff planning play players praxiology praxis Prisoner's Dilemma problem proc question Rapoport redesign relevant role Ruhi Institute situation social dilemmas Social Psychology social trap society solutions strategy structure studies subjects Swistak system for design Systems Design Systems Science systems thinking Technology TF2T theoretical Thorsheim tion tive two-person University Volunteer's Dilemma
Page 2 - The body of economic knowledge is an essential element in the structure of human civilization; it is the foundation upon which modern industrialism and all the moral, intellectual, technological, and therapeutical achievements of the last centuries have been built. It rests with men whether they will make the proper use of the rich treasure with which this knowledge provides them or whether they will leave it unused. But if they fail to take the best advantage of it and disregard its teachings and...