Social Classes in Ancient Rome: Equestrian Order, Factorum Ac Dictorum Memorabilium Libri Ix, Slavery in Ancient Rome, Patrician

Front Cover
General Books LLC, 2010 - 76 pages
0 Reviews
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 33. Chapters: Liber, Equestrian order, Factorum ac dictorum memorabilium libri IX, Crisis of the Roman Republic, Slavery in ancient Rome, Patrician, Aventine Triad, Social class in ancient Rome, Nobiles, Plebs, Adsidui, Capite censi, Curiales. Excerpt: The Roman equestrian order (Latin: ordo equester) constituted the lower of the two aristocratic classes of ancient Rome, ranking below the patricians (patricii), a hereditary caste that monopolised political power during the regal era (to 501 BC) and during the early Republic (to 338 BC). A member of the equestrian order was known as an eques (plural: equites). Equites in Latin has the general meaning of "horsemen" or "cavalry" (from equus = "horse"), but in this context carries the specific meaning of "knights" in the sense of members of an aristocratic group. To avoid confusion, this article refers to the latter as "knights" or "equestrians." It appears that, during the Roman kingdom and the 1st century of the Republic, legionary cavalry was recruited exclusively from the ranks of the patricians, who were expected to provide 6 centuriae of cavalry (300 horses for each consular legion). At some stage in the regal era, patrician cavalry recruits were granted the right to a horse at public expense (equus publicus). Until ca. 400 BC, therefore, equites were synonymous with patricii. At some stage, however, most likely around 400 BC, 12 more centuriae of cavalry were established, probably because the patrician class was no longer numerous enough to fulfil the levy requirement. These 12 also admitted non-patricians (plebeians), most likely on the basis of a wealth requirement whose level is uncertain. They shared the patricians' right to an equus publicus. At this point, the order of equites was no longer limited to patricians, although the latter remained a distinct elite with specia...

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Bibliographic information