Social Conflicts and Collective Identities

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Patrick G. Coy, Lynne M. Woehrle
Rowman & Littlefield, 2000 - Political Science - 218 pages
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Despite the ubiquity of conflict, significant gaps remain in our knowledge of what influences its escalation and resolution. How collective identity formation impacts social conflicts is taken up in these compelling case studies, ranging from church and community disputes, ethnic conflicts, environmental disputes, to international trade disputes and wars. Important themes include the dynamics of enemy-imaging, the constructs of race and gender, in-groups and out-groups, and the double-edged potential of collective identity formation to both escalate and de-escalate conflicts. Throughout, social conflicts are presented as potent forces for cultural and political change. The contributors highlight methods for resolving intractable identity-based conflicts, including challenging assumptions about the OOther, O creating inclusive identities, and using various negotiation and mediation venues as catalysts for constructive identity shifts. With its ground-breaking scholarship, Social Conflicts and Collective Identities is sure to become a basic building block for the burgeoning conflict resolution field and for improved understanding of identity dynamics in human conflict
 

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Contents

Introduction Collective Identities and the Development of Conflict Analysis
1
Collective Identity
3
Resource Issues in IdentityBased Conflicts
5
Group Differentiation and EnemyImaging
6
Collective Identity in Conflict Escalation
8
Collective Identity in Conflict Resolution
9
Overview of Individual Chapters
10
Conclusion
14
Who Do They Say We Are? Framing Social Identity and Gender in Church Conflict
115
Methodology
117
Social Identity and the Construction of Social Conflict
118
The Construction of Social Identity in Conflict
124
Implications for Theory Building
126
Conclusion
128
Notes
129
Fighting among Friends The Quaker Separation of 1827
133

Constructing the Other and Creating Conflicts
17
Racial Discourse and Enemy Construction Justifying the Internment Solution to the Japanese Problem during World War II
19
Constructing Enemies
20
The Japanese Internment Case
21
Data Sources
22
Racial Discourse
23
Racial Claims
27
Developing Solutions to the Enemy Alien Problem
33
Discussion
34
Notes
36
Emotional Actor Foreign Policy Decision Making in the 1982 FalklandsMalvinas War
41
Underlying Affective Factors in Foreign Policy DecisionMaking
42
The Inadequacy of Realism
44
Argentinas Growing Isolation on the International Scene
46
In Need of a Good War
56
Conclusion
61
Notes
63
David versus Goliath The Big Power of Small States
67
The Cases
68
The Big Power of Small States
73
Playing Ones Adversary against Itself
80
The Interdependent World System
82
International Organizations and Alliances
84
Other Factors
85
Conclusion
86
Notes
88
Conflict and Children Integrated Education in the Segregated Society of Northern Ireland
91
The Role of Education
92
Methodology
96
Results
97
Discussion
105
Conclusion
107
Notes
108
Constructing Identities and Resolving Conflicts
113
Social Context
134
Threat to Quaker Identity
135
Stages of the Conflict
138
Conflict Resolution
140
Implications
143
Notes
146
Identity Politics and Environmental Conflict Dynamics A Reexamination of the Negotiated Rulemaking Process
149
Social Identity
154
The Research Setting
155
Engaging in Conflict Strengthens Identity
159
The Pubic Image of Working with the Enemy
161
The Invisible People and the Power of Identity
162
Conclusion
164
Notes
165
Rediscovering Memorial Day Politics Patriotism and Gender
169
Collecting the Story
170
Not Just a Simple Parade
171
Building Community Memory
174
Gender Dimensions of the Conflict
176
At War and Peace
177
Structural Conflict
178
Symbolic Conflict
180
The Community the Coalitions the People
183
Notes
186
Swimming against the Tide Peace Movement Recruitment in an Abeyance Environment
189
Background
190
The Problems of Recruiting in an Abeyance Climate
191
The Role of Projects
193
Do Projects Work?
196
Conclusion
199
Notes
201
Index
205
About the Contributors
215
Copyright

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About the author (2000)

Patrick G. Coy is assistant professor at Kent State University's Center for Applied Conflict Management. Lynne M. Woehrle is assistant professor of sociology at Wilson College in Chambersburg, Pennslyvania.

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