Social Constructivism in International Relations and the Gender Dimension
GRIN Verlag, 2010 - 68 pages
Seminar paper from the year 2010 in the subject Politics - Political Theory and the History of Ideas Journal, grade: Eins, LMU Munich (Geschwister-Scholl Institut fur Politische Wissenschaft), course: Social Constructivism in International Rel. Theory, language: English, abstract: The goal of this work is to study the Approach of Social Constructivism in International Relations and to anchor this examination to the emergent debate of Feminist Constructivism as an offshoot of Gender in International Relations. To market International Relations as a social construction is to underscore the importance of Interactions, discourse, change and sociality as opposed to Individuality, autarky, power, materiality, rationality and militarism. In this regard Social Constructivism ushers itself in, in the discipline of International Relations as a new alternative to the traditional theories that have hitherto monopolized the way political scientists have been viewing the inter - and intrastate events. Constructivism is the new approach to International Relations. It takes a middle course between realism and liberalism. Constructivism explores the role of ideas, images, symbols, norms, culture and discourse on social life. It stresses that ideational factors such as dialogue and exchange of ideas are more result-oriented in socio-political life than material factors. Constructivism is a social Theory that centers on social life and social change. Focusing on, social facts"(Searle 1995) like money, sovereignty and rights which have no material reality but are inter-subjectively made real by shared ideational forces among peoples, Constructivists followed the example of Foucauld who opined that discourse is the root of all successes in human and social relations. Encompassing a broad range of theories that tackle the questions of ontology(the science of being), Constructivism insists that actors are shaped by the social environment in which they found themselves. In this way
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academic actors agenda Alexander Wendt Alice Walker analyzed approaches argue autarky behavior claim Cold War conflicts constructed Constructivism in international context criticism culture deconstruct discourse economic epistemic communities Epistemology fact female feminine Feminist Constructivism feminist constructivists Feminists and womanists Fierke Gender Dimension Gender in International global goal harmony human nature ideals ideational identity ideology Ikechukwu individual inter-subjective interest international anarchy international relations scholars international relations theory International Society theorists interpretation Jackson and Sorensen Jacques Jacques Derrida jewel of International knowledge language League of Nations liberal liberal democracies linguistic literature Major Debate male gender masculine material materialistic meaning Norms objects organizations oriented Orjinta patriarchal peace philosophical post modernist post positivist Postmodern feminism realist role scientific Social Constructivism social interaction social sciences socio socio-political sovereignty Spinoza status quo Theoretical Category Third Debate Third Image traditional violate wars Wendt woman womanistic women