Social Health Insurance Systems In Western Europe
McGraw-Hill Education (UK), Sep 1, 2004 - Education - 310 pages
There is considerable agreement among national policy makers across Europe that, in principle, primary care should be the linchpin of a well-designed health care system. This agreement, however, does not carry over into the organizational mechanisms best suited to pursuing or achieving this common objective. Across western, central and eastern Europe, primary care is delivered through a wide range of institutional, financial, professional and clinical configurations. This book is a study of the reforms of primary care in Europe as well as their impacts on the broader co-ordination mechanisms within European health care systems. It also provides suggestions for effective strategies for future improvement in health care system reform.
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alternative PHI ambulatory assessment Austria average AWBZ Belgium beneﬁt catalogue beneﬁt package budgets Busse capital cent Chapter Chinitz choice co-payments collective contracts competition contracts contribution rates corporatist costs coverage decision-making deﬁcits deﬁned difﬁcult economic efﬁciency employees Europe European Observatory expenditure ﬁgures ﬁnancial ﬁnancing Finland ﬁrst ﬁve ﬁxed for-proﬁt France Germany groups Health Care Systems Health Policy health services health systems healthcare hospital income increased individual inﬂuence institutions introduced Israel Luxembourg mechanisms Mossialos Netherlands northern tax-funded not-for-proﬁt Observatory on Health OECD Ofﬁce organizations overall patients payments Personal communication pharmaceuticals physicians policy-makers political population premiums private health insurers private insurance providers reﬂect reform regional regulation reimbursement responsibility risk adjustment role Saltman sector SHI countries SHI systems sickness funds social health insurance social insurance solidarity speciﬁc structure supplementary PHI Switzerland Systems in Transition tax-based tax-funded countries tax-funded systems tion World Health Organization