Social Incidence of the General Sales Tax in Pakistan, Issues 2003-2216
This paper analyses the social incidence of the general sales tax (GST) in Pakistan. The main finding of the study is that contrary to widespread perception, the social incidence of the GST in Pakistan is slightly progressive. The main reason for this counterintuitive result is that most items heavily consumed by the poor are exempt from GST in Pakistan.
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GST Projection for 20012002
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1/Assuming first-three-decile 2/Includes 2/Includes households 4/Includes 4/Includes households 50 percent a b a b a b a b º Annual Annual Annual annual incidence calculation Average Average Average Commodities with households consume only public consume public transportation consumers pay GST Consumption Income Taxable cooking oil current income economic incidence Economic Survey Ex Ex Ex Exempt fifth-decile households consume fourth-decile Gas cylinder Gas Pipe Kerosene Ghee GST Incidence GST on electricity GST Taxable Annual GST Taxable GST GST Taxable Status households are ordered households consume 30 Households Ordered According households that consume incidence analysis Incidence for Individual Income Taxable Incidence Individual Commodity Analysis Items List lifeline consumers lifetime incidence calculation List and GST Medila Services Consumption monthly ordered with respect Pakistani rupee petrol/diesel only directly Pipe Kerosene Legal poverty line regressive rest of consumers richest decile sales tax sample sensitivity analysis sub-section on Medila Tax in Pakistan Taxable GST Taxable total consumption