Social Justice in the Ancient World

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K. D. Irani, Morris Silver
Greenwood Publishing Group, 1995 - History - 224 pages
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This edited collection focuses on the problem of social justice, or, more particularly, how the demand for social justice was articulated and implemented in ancient civilizations, including, from east to west, the Chinese, Indian, Iranian, Babylonian, Assyrian, Israelite, Egyptian, Greek, and Roman. These essays are supplemented by discussions of the functioning of social justice in early and medieval Islam and in the postmedieval Anglo-Saxon world.

The volume contains extended discussions of specific legal regulations, royal edicts, and socioeconomic practices in the various civilizations, and examinations of their social, political, and economic consequences. Written by leading scholars in their respective fields, this volume will be of great interest to researchers dealing with the ancient world and the evolution of political philosophy and legal and economic rights.

 

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Contents

The Idea of Social Justice in the Ancient World
3
Social Justice and the Subsistence Economy From Aristotle to Seventeenth Century Economics
9
The Origins of a Concept of Social Justice
25
KHREMATA Acquisition and Possession in Archaic Greece
41
Images of Justice in Early Greek Poetry
61
Justice and the Metaphor of Medicine in Early Greek Thought
69
Social Justice in Ancient Iran
75
Social Justice in Ancient India In Arthasdstra
91
The Idea of Social Justice in Ancient China
125
Social Justice in the Ancient Near East
149
Social Reform in Ancient Mesopotamia
165
Prophets and Markets Revisited
179
Demands for Land Redistribution and Debt Reduction in the Roman Republic
199
Selected Bibliography
215
Index
217
About the Editors and Contributors
221

The Ideological Basis for Social JusticeResponsibility in Ancient Egypt
101
Social Justice in Early Islamic Society
115

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About the author (1995)

K. D. IRANI is Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at the City College of the City University of New York.

MORRIS SILVER is Professor of Economics and Chairman of the Department of Economics at the City College of the City University of New York.

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