Social Science Methods in the Legal Process

Front Cover
Government Institutes, 1985 - Social Science - 276 pages
This volume is the first to provide a systematic introduction to the methods of social science for the legal professions and decision-makers in public policy fields. Designed as both a text and a convenient reference, the book provides an understanding of all the elements in the research process and acquaints the reader with the choices that are available in designing and conducting research. A particularly useful feature is each chapter's examination of research cited in specific court or public policy decisions, together with discussion of possible legal applications of various research approaches.
 

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Contents

THE APPLICATIONS OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH IN LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
5
THE USES OF SOCIAL SCIENCE IN LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
6
SOURCES OF SOCIAL SCIENCE DATA
11
THE ROLE OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH
12
NOTES
14
LEGAL AND SCIENTIFIC MODES OF ANALYSIS
16
BARRIERS TO THE APPLICATION OF SOCIAL SCIENCE
19
SUMMARY
25
DEVELOPING ANSWERS
128
MEASUREMENT SCALES
132
EVALUATING MEASUREMENT QUALITY
136
CHECKLIST FOR ISSUES OF MEASUREMENT
142
NOTES
144
DATA COLLECTION METHODS AND THE USE OF EXISTING DATA
148
VERIFICATION OF ORIGINAL AND EXISTING DATA
154
RESPONSE RATES AND HANDLING NONRESPONSE
156

NOTES
26
ASKING APPROPRIATE AND RESEARCHABLE QUESTIONS
28
RESEARCH CONCEPTS
32
RESEARCH QUESTIONS
41
CHECKLIST FOR PLANNING OR EVALUATING RESEARCH QUESTIONS
49
NOTES
51
RESEARCH DESIGNS AND THEIR VALIDITY
53
RESEARCH FOR IDENTIFYING CAUSATION
55
SELECTING A RESEARCH DESIGN
56
THE CLASSIC EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN
58
DEPARTURES FROM THE EXPERIMENTAL MODEL
65
CHECKLIST FOR RESEARCH DESIGNS
78
NOTES
80
POPULATION IDENTIFICATION AND SAMPLING
82
POPULATION
84
SAMPLING
87
STATISTICAL DETERMINANTS OF SAMPLE SIZE
106
NONSTATISTICAL DETERMINANTS OF SAMPLE SIZE
112
THE DECISION NOT TO DRAW A SAMPLE
113
CHECKLIST FOR POPULATION IDENTIFICATION AND SAMPLING
114
NOTES
116
MEASUREMENT
121
WORKING DEFINITIONS FOR MEASUREMENT
122
THE POSING OF QUESTIONS
125
THE USE OF EXISTING DATA
163
FILES AND RECORDS AS DATA SOURCES
174
CHECKLIST FOR DATA COLLECTION METHODS AND USE OF EXISTING DATA
176
NOTES
177
DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS
182
DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS FOR SINGLE VARIABLES
183
SUMMARIZING THE DISTRIBUTION OF SINGLE VARIABLES
190
DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS FOR TWO OR MORE VARIABLES
199
QUESTIONS ABOUT RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN VARIABLES
208
THE NEXT STEP
214
NOTES
216
INFERENTIAL STATISTICS
220
ESTIMATES OF POPULATION VALUES
221
HYPOTHESE TESTING
226
PRACTICAL AND STATISTICAL SIGNIFICANCE
247
CONTROL AND CAUSATION
249
CHECKLIST FOR INFERENTIAL STATISTICS
250
NOTES
251
COLLABORATION BETWEEN LAWYERS AND SOCIAL SCIENTISTS
255
NOTES
259
CASES
260
Articles and Books
262
INDEX
267
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