Social Policies for Children

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Irwin Garfinkel, Jennifer L. Hochschild, Sara S. McLanahan
Brookings Institution Press, Aug 9, 2001 - Political Science - 350 pages
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Successful social policies for children are critical to America's future. Yet the status of children in America suggests that the nation's policies may not be serving them well. Infant and child mortality rates in the U.S. remain high compared to other western industrialized nations; child poverty rates have worsened in the past decade; poor health care, child abuse, and inadequate schooling and child care persist.

This book presents a new set of social policies designed to alleviate these problems and to help satisfy the needs of all children. The policies deal with the seven critical domains affecting children from birth through the passage to adulthood: child care, schooling, transition to work, health care, income security, physical security, and child abuse.

While nearly everyone agrees that children are in trouble, there is considerable debate over what kind of trouble they are in, why this is so, and whether government can or should more actively seek to solve these problems. Americans are evenly divided on the question of whether children's problems are more economic or moral in origin. The seven proposals in this volume both reflect and cut across ideological disagreements. Some call for more government, others call for less, and all call for different government methods for achieving socially agreed upon goals.

Recommendations include: replacing major welfare programs and tax subsidies with a set of universal policies, including national health insurance, child support assurance, and universal child care; offering publicly funded vouchers to allow poor children in inner-city neighborhoods to choose their own schools; using both private and governmental resources to get tough on crime through more stringent criminal justice policies and dramatic social measures; and expanding apprenticeship programs for non-college bound youths.

In addition to the editors, the contributors are Barbara R. Bergmann and Robert I. Lerman, American University; Douglas J. Besharov, American Enterprise Institute; John J. DiIulio, Jr., Princeton University; Julia Graham Lear, George Washington University; and Diane Ravitch, New York University.


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Page viii - prepared the index. The views expressed here are those of the authors and should not be ascribed to the institutions that supported this work or to the trustees, officers, or staff members of the Brookings Institution.

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About the author (2001)

Irwin Garfinkel is Mitchell I. Ginsberg Professor of Contemporary Urban Problems at Columbia University School of Social Work and author of Assuring Child Support (Russell Sage Foundation, 1992). Jennifer L. Hochschild is professor of politics and public affairs at Princeton University and the author of Facing Up to the American Dream: Race, Class, and the Soul of the Nation (Princeton, 1995). Sara McLanahan is professor of sociology and public affairs at Princeton University, where she is also director of the Center for Research on Child Wellbeing. She is coauthor of Growing Up with a Single Parent (Harvard, 1994).

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