Social Structure, Social Control, and Crime in Rural Communities: A Test of Social Disorganization Theory

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The Ohio State University, 2009 - 236 pages
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There are several findings: (1) We confirmed that social disorganization perspective to some extent is useful for explaining variations in the crime rates of nonmetropolitan counties. (2) The variation in crime rates among nonmetropolitan counties varies with the differences in their social structural and socioeconomic dimensions. (3) Temporal changes in social structure and socioeconomic characteristics can explain variations in crime rates among nonmetropolitan counties. (4) The consequence of spatial geographical influence of metropolitan counties on the social integration or social control of crime in nonmetropolitan counties varies by the latter's degree of rurality. The crime rates of more rural nonmetropolitan counties are affected to a greater degree by proximity to a metropolitan area than the crime rates of micropolitan counties proximate to metro areas. (5) Social structural characteristics, such as family disruption, have a larger effect on the control of crime than socioeconomic status factors of nonmetropolitan counties.

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