Sociological Perspectives on Modernity: Multiple Models and Competing Realities
This book examines several sociological perspectives on the defining characteristics of modernity through the construction of conceptual models. Each model specifies the prime movers of the social system and the key agencies of change and development. According to one model, technology is the moving force in society, while another emphasizes metropolitan dominance, and yet another concentrates on materialistic values and consumerism. A growing number of social scientists perceive knowledge to be the driving force of modernity; yet others emphasize cultural pluralism or mass society. Because of the many ways dramatic changes are occurring in so many different directions at the same time, the multiple realities of modernity are recognized and clarified. Accelerations of experimentation and innovation are occurring in all areas of social life. The Enlightenment, the industrial revolution, and civil society are emphasized as the pathways to modernity. The themes of relativity, incompleteness, uncertainty, and fragmentation are implicated in postmodernist critiques of the values of the enlightenment.
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The Culture of Modernity
The Technological Society
The Urban Society
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20th century activities areas aspects assumptions atom bomb audiences automobile avian flu awareness basic basis become behavior cial civil society commodities communication consumer consumer-oriented consumerism created cultural decisions degree effect efficiency elaborated emergence Emile Durkheim emphasis entertainment environment ethnic everyday example experiences forms freedom frequently Georg Simmel historical human rights identities important increased increasingly individuals industrial industrial revolution innovations institutions interactions Kitty Genovese knowledge large number levels lifestyles limited living major mass media mass society meaning millions modern society modern world multiple norms nuclear occurred one's organization outcomes past perceptions perspectives pluralism political population problems production promote pseudo-events qualities reality reflected response result role scientific sense shaped specific sphere stems symbolic television tion traffic truth claims universal urban values viduals virtual reality women world's largest universities