Software-Agents and Liberal Order: An Inquiry Along the Borderline Between Economics and Computer Science

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Universal-Publishers, 2001 - Business & Economics - 204 pages
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Contents

Foundations
1
Computer science and economics new actors and social order
3
12 Computer science and order for small worlds
6
13 Economics and order for the grand world
9
14 Machines as softwareagents
12
15 Softwareagents as new social actors
16
16 Summary
20
Computer sciences small worlds
21
A52 Constraints for small worlds
90
Actors prepared for liberal order
93
61 Questioning common softwareagent designprinciples
94
611 Benevolence
95
612 Perfect rationality
96
613 Global thirdparty rule internalisation
97
614 Natural slaves
98
62 Rigorous implementation of individualism
99

21 Communication in agentsystems
22
22 Coordination and cooperation in agentsystems
23
23 Overview of approaches to coordination and cooperation
27
24 Summary
31
Capturing the grand world with social and economic theory
33
32 The state of nature as analytical reference point
36
33 Theories of the origin of order
39
34 A methodology for further analysis
41
35 Summary
46
Liberalism
47
42 The promises of liberal order
48
43 Freedom
51
431 Freedom and the individual
53
432 Freedom and the machine
56
44 Summary
58
Constraints behaviour and spontaneous order
61
The order of rules constraints for a liberal order
63
51 Liberal principles of social order
64
511 Nondomination
66
512 Exclusion
68
513 Contract
71
514 Priority
73
515 Few principles for a complex order of rules
74
52 Towards institutions of liberal order
76
521 Internal institutions
78
522 Informal institutions
80
523 Formal private institutions
82
524 Formal legal institutions
84
525 A comprehensive typology of institutions
86
53 Conclusions
87
Further constraints for softwareagents
89
621 Identification
100
622 Incentiveorientation
101
623 Internalisationcapacity
103
63 Adaptive behaviour
104
631 Adaptive behaviour as a complement to unpredictable behaviour
105
632 Adaptive behaviour based on inductive reasoning
107
633 Adaptive behaviour more than a model of individual behaviour
110
64 Conclusions
115
Further preparation of softwareagents for liberal order
118
A62 Rolespecific softwareagents
120
Spontaneous liberal order
123
71 The logic of spontaneous liberal order
125
711 Cooperation instead of conflict
126
712 Exchange
127
713 Exchange media
130
714 Division of labour and division of knowledge
134
715 Competition
137
716 Markets and Hierarchies
140
717 Simple patterns for complex social order
146
72 Pitfalls of spontaneous liberal order
148
722 Public goods
150
723 Market dynamics
152
724 Pathdependence
156
725 Principalagent problems
157
726 Unavoidable but tolerable pitfalls
160
73 Conclusions
162
Final conclusion
167
Epilogue
169
Bibliography
171
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About the author (2001)

Wagner obtained a Licentiate in Economics from the University of Fribourg (CH) in 1996 and a MBA in International Management from the Royal Holloway College of the University of London (UK) in 1997.

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