Solar Cells and Their Applications

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John Wiley & Sons, Oct 29, 2010 - Technology & Engineering - 627 pages
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A major update of solar cell technology and the solar marketplace

Since the first publication of this important volume over a decade ago, dramatic changes have taken place with the solar market growing almost 100-fold and the U.S. moving from first to fourth place in the world market as analyzed in this Second Edition. Three bold new opportunities are identified for any countries wanting to improve market position. The first is combining pin solar cells with 3X concentration to achieve economic competitiveness near term. The second is charging battery-powered cars with solar cell–generated electricity from arrays in surrounding areas—including the car owners' homes—while simultaneously reducing their home electricity bills by over ninety percent. The third is formation of economic "unions" of sufficient combined economic size to be major competitors.

In this updated edition, feed-in tariffs are identified as the most effective approach for public policy. Reasons are provided to explain why pin solar cells outperform more traditional pn solar cells. Field test data are reported for nineteen percent pin solar cells and for ~500X concentrating systems with bare cell efficiencies approaching forty percent. Paths to bare cell efficiencies over fifty percent are described, and key missing program elements are identified. Since government support is needed for new technology prototype integration and qualification testing before manufacturing scale up, the key economic measure is identified in this volume as the electricity cost in cents per kilowatt-hour at the complete installed system level, rather than just the up-front solar cell modules' costs in dollars per watt.

This Second Edition will benefit technologists in the fields of solar cells and systems; solar cell researchers; power systems designers; academics studying microelectronics, semiconductors, and solar cells; business students and investors with a technical focus; and government and political officials developing public policy.

 

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Contents

Solar Cell Electricity Market History Public
17
Solar Cells SingleCrystal Semiconductors
43
Solar Cell Device Physics
67
Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells and Modules
113
ThinFilm Solar Cells and Modules
137
Terrestrial Module Fabrication
159
Tracking the Sun for More Kilowatt Hour
207
Definition Performance
219
Concentrator Solar Cell Installations at
361
Concentrator Photovoltaic Field Installations
377
Space Solar Cells and Applications
397
Solar Resource for Space
427
The Solar Advisor Model
463
Challenges of LargeScale Solar Cell
483
Market Overview of Flat Panel Detectors
499
Amorphous Silicon Transistors
511

Levelized Cost of Energy for UtilityScale
251
LowConcentration Crystalline Silicon Systems
273
HighConcentration IIIV Multijunction
293
HighConcentration Fresnel Lens Assemblies
313
HighConcentration Cassegrainian Solar Cell
337
Amorphous Silicon Digital XRay Imaging
533
Photoconductor Digital XRay Imaging
559
Summary Conclusions
583
Index
613
Copyright

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About the author (2010)

Lewis M. Fraas, PhD, is the founder and President of JX Crystals Inc. He has spearheaded the development of high-power-density photovoltaic cells and complete concentrating photovoltaic and thermophotovoltaic systems. Dr. Fraas wrote the first paper describing the forty percent-efficient triple-junction concentrator solar cell now entering high-volume production, and his group at Boeing demonstrated the first thirty-five percent-efficient dual-junction cell.

Larry D. Partain, PhD, is Director of Marketing and Advanced Technology, initiating and managing high-risk/high-payoff R&D programs for Varian Medical Systems. A prominent researcher in solar cell and related X-ray imager technology, Dr. Partain recently led efforts to develop high-performance X-ray and flat-panel imaging medical systems, helping to create over $100 million in company sales.

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