Somali is spoken by more than nine million people in the Horn of Africa and by expatriate communities in the Middle East, Europe and North America. It is the official language of Somalia and an important regional language in Ethiopia and Kenya. As a Cushitic language Somali is part of the great Afroasiatic language family whose other branches include Semitic, Berber, Chadic and Ancient Egyptian. This book provides a comprehensive description of the grammar of the language that will be of interest to non-specialists and linguists interested in typology and language comparison. The author's accessible investigation of the phonology, morphology, syntax and discourse structure allows the reader a clear view of the linguistic character of Somali and, through Somali, of a Cushitic language. A further important feature of the book is its use of authentic data from a range of sources, including prose, poetry and proverbs.
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Chapter 1 Introduction
Chapter 2 Phonological units
Chapter 3 Phonological Rules
Chapter 4 Grammatical Categories
Chapter 5 Word formation
Chapter 6 Phrases
Chapter 7 Simple sentences
Chapter 8 Subordinate Clauses
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accentual pattern adjectives adpositions adverbial affix Andrzejewski auxiliary verbs ayaa bàa bàalayàa Cali camel chapter clause verb coalescence complement compounds consonant copula Cushitic languages declension derived nouns described dialects diphthongs discussed distinction DM+he DM+they dynamic verbs example feminine FOC+he focus word function girl grammatical High tone ideophones inflection INTR intransitive verbs inuu languages lexical main clause man-the masculine Mogadishu mora morphemes morphological negative forms negative word noun phrase occur ofthe paradigms past simple phonological plural position question word reduplication relative clause root verb rules Saeed sandhi semantic sentence type marker singular speakers stative stative verbs stem subject clitic pronouns subject pronouns subordinate clauses suffix verbs súgi syllable syntactic verbal group verbless vocatives vowel wáx wáxa wáxa(a yahay yidhi yimi yiqiin