Sophocles (c. 496 BCE-406 BCE) was the second of the three ancient Greek tragedians whose work has survived. His first plays were written later than those of Aeschylus and earlier than those of Euripides. According to the Suda, a 10th century encyclopedia, Sophocles wrote 123 plays during the course of his life, but only seven have survived in a complete form: Ajax, Antigone, Trachinian Women, Oedipus the King, Electra, Philoctetes and Oedipus at Colonus.
R. D. Dawe is Senior Research Fellow (retired) at Trinity College Cambridge. His has been a visiting Lecturer at Harvard University and visiting Professor at the University of Colorado and the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.